Pre-injury chronic alcohol abuse predicts intracranial hemorrhagic progression, unfavorable clinical outcome, and mortality in severe traumatic brain injury - Svedung Wettervik T, Enblad P, Lew én A.

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine the incidence of pre-injury alcohol abuse in TBI at our neurointensive care unit (NICU), the relation to intracranial hemorrhage evolution, and clinical outcome. METHODS: Patients with TBI treated at our NICU at Upp...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

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Conclusion: The foremost risk factors for stroke in India, hypertension and diabetes, need to be controlled and treated like other global high-risk populations for stroke prevention. The NIHSS scores highlight the relationship between risk factors and stroke severity.
Source: Journal of Hypertension - Category: Cardiology Tags: ORIGINAL PAPERS: Risk factors Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Pre-injury alcohol abuse was common in severe TBI, associated with coagulopathy, worse intracranial hemorrhage/injury evolution, and independently predicted poor clinical outcome. These patients deserve more attention in care and research to address specific challenges including disturbed hemostasis.PMID:34543084 | DOI:10.1080/02699052.2021.1975196
Source: Brain Injury - Category: Neurology Authors: Source Type: research
AbstractThe association between bone mineral density (BMD) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) is not fully understood. We evaluated BMD as a risk factor for cardiovascular disease and specifically atrial fibrillation (AF), acute myocardial infarction (AMI), ischemic (IS) and hemorrhagic stroke (HS) and heart failure (HF) in men and women. This prospective population cohort utilized data on 22 857 adults from the second and third surveys of the HUNT Study in Norway free from CVD at baseline. BMD was measured using single and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry in the non-dominant distal forearm and T-score was calculated. Hazard...
Source: European Journal of Epidemiology - Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research
Intern Med. 2021 Sep 4. doi: 10.2169/internalmedicine.8113-21. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTObjective Limited data exist regarding the comparative detailed clinical characteristics of patients with ischemic stroke (IS)/transient ischemic attack (TIA) and intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) receiving oral anticoagulants (OACs). Methods The prospective analysis of stroke patients taking oral anticoagulants (PASTA) registry, a multicenter registry of 1,043 stroke patients receiving OACs (vitamin K antagonists [VKAs] or non-vitamin K oral antagonists [NOACs]) across 25 medical institutions throughout Japan, was used. Univariate an...
Source: Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
In conclusion, the risks of stroke and total cardiovascular disease were lower with a higher intake of non-alcoholic beverages in Japanese men and women.PMID:34284829 | DOI:10.1017/S0007114521002737
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - Category: Nutrition Authors: Source Type: research
Neurol Res Int. 2021 Jun 15;2021:9948990. doi: 10.1155/2021/9948990. eCollection 2021.ABSTRACTINTRODUCTION: Stroke recurrence accounts for a great percentage of catastrophic complications, yet no comprehensive study has analyzed the factors associated with stroke recurrence in Cameroon. We carried out this case-control study to better understand the factors associated with the stroke recurrence in Cameroon.METHODS: We collected sociodemographic, clinical, neuroimaging, laboratory, and therapeutic data of eligible patients who consulted the neurology and cardiology department of the Yaounde Central Hospital in Cameroon. We ...
Source: Neurology Research International - Category: Neurology Authors: Source Type: research
DISCUSSION: The DSM estimates the prevalence of DDJT to be less than 1%. At least a third of cases show neurological basis involving frontal lobe dysfunction associated with strokes, Parkinson's disease, brain trauma and tumors, neurodegenerative disorder, encephalitis, multiple sclerosis, and even normal pressure hydrocephalus. Association with alcohol, amphetamine, cocaine, and dopamine therapy (pergolide, ropinirole, levodopa, amantadine, and pramipexole) were reported. Finally, DDJT is known to be a risk factor of violent crimes including homicide. Treatment with pimozide shows the strongest evidence, and most patients...
Source: CNS Spectrums - Category: Neurology Authors: Source Type: research
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