Outcomes of lung transplantations since implementation of need-based allocation system
Since implementation of a medical need-based allocation system of donor lungs in 2005, double-lung transplantation has been associated with better graft survival than single-lung transplantation in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF); at 5 years, there has been no survival difference between single- and double-lung transplant recipients in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), according to a study.
Publication date: Available online 18 April 2019Source: Journal of Sport and Health ScienceAuthor(s): Xin Luan, Xiangyang Tian, Haixin Zhang, Rui Huang, Na Li, Peijie Chen, Ru WangAbstractA growing understanding of the benefits of exercise over the past few decades has prompted researchers to take an interest in the possibilities of exercise therapy. Because each sport has its own set of characteristics and physiological complications that tend to appear during exercise training, the effects and underlying mechanisms of exercise remain unclear. Thus, the first step in probing exercise effects on different diseases is the s...
In this study, we sought to further characterize ILC2s in the kidney, their location within this organ and determine their functional role in IRI using a loss-of-function approach. Here, we found that kidney ILC2s constitutively express IL-5 and are primarily located in close proximity to the renal vasculature, within the adventitia. Additionally, we demonstrate that a reduction, deficiency or depletion of ILC2s had minimal impact on the severity of IRI. Whilst activation of ILC2s and the associated amplification of local type 2 immunity has been previously shown to reduce the deleterious consequences of AKI, our results r...
In this study they also showed PTX3 localized in NETs formed after neutrophil activation (5). Proteomics analysis revealed that PTX3 forms complexes with two anti-microbial proteins [azurocidin (AZU1) and myeloperoxidase (MPO)] associated to NETs (30). More recently, PTX3 localization in NETs has been confirmed, and the colocalization with AZU1 and MPO has been defined more accurately (31). Further investigation will be needed to understand the involvement of PTX3 interaction with AZU1 and MPO in their antibacterial role during NET formation. Regulation of Complement Activation PTX3 interaction with microorganisms is not...
Conditions: Advanced Lung Disease; COPD; ILD Intervention: Sponsor: Klinikum Berchtesgadener Land der Schön-Kliniken Recruiting
Conclusions. The BLTx recipients with CF had inferior survival and longer ICU LOS when receiving organs from donors 55 years or older. Recipients with COPD, ILD, or in the “other” group did not have inferior survival in multivariate models.
Pentraxin-3 (PTX3) polymorphisms influence the risk of invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (IPA) in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients, hematopoietic stem cell recipients and solid organs recipients. Therefore, we aimed to investigate this association in a large lung transplant population.
Single lung transplants (SLT) for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are characterized by hyperinflation of the contralateral native lung which may be more pronounced in single left lung transplants. Although single and double lung transplant (DLT) outcomes have been investigated, single right and left lung transplants have never been rigorously compared to evaluate disease specific differences.
Although COPD patients account for a large proportion of lung transplants, whether double lung transplantation (DLT) versus single (SLT) improves survival for COPD patients is not well established.
The objective of this survey was to assess the practices of international lung transplant (LTx) centers, pertaining to the testing for, and replacement of, AAT in patients with AATD.