Peroxyacetic acid and chlorine dioxide unlike chlorine induce viable but non-culturable (VBNC) stage of Listeria monocytogenes and Escherichia coli O157:H7 in wash water

Food Microbiol. 2021 Dec;100:103866. doi: 10.1016/j.fm.2021.103866. Epub 2021 Jul 8.ABSTRACTThe elaboration of guidelines for the industry to establish minimum concentration to prevent cross-contamination during washing practices based on operational limits is the core of the recommended criteria for the use of sanitizers. Several studies have evidenced that sanitizers reduced the levels of foodborne pathogens. However, they might lead to the progress into a viable but non-culturable (VBNC) state of the cells. This evidence has raised concerns regarding the effectiveness of the recommended washing practices for the inactivation of microbial cells present in the process wash water (PWW). The present study evaluated if the most commonly used sanitizers, including sodium hypochlorite (chlorine), peroxyacetic acid (PAA) and chlorine dioxide (ClO2) at established operational limits induced the VBNC stage of Listeria monocytogenes and Escherichia coli O157:H7. Prevention of cross-contamination was examined in four different types of PWW from washing shredded lettuce and cabbage, diced onions, and baby spinach under simulated commercial conditions of high organic matter and 1 min contact time. The results obtained for chlorine showed that recommended operational limits (20-25 mg/L free chlorine) were effective in inactivating L. monocytogenes and E. coli O157:H7 in the different PWWs. However, the operational limits established for PAA (80 mg/L) and ClO2 (3 mg/L) reduced the levels ...
Source: Food Microbiology - Category: Food Science Authors: Source Type: research

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