The Effect of Aerobic Training and Increasing Nonexercise Physical Activity on Cardiometabolic Risk Factors

Purpose Epidemiological studies suggest that sedentary behavior is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular mortality independent of meeting physical activity guidelines. However, limited evidence of this relationship is available from prospective interventions. The purpose of the present study is to evaluate the combined effect of aerobic training and increasing nonexercise physical activity on body composition and cardiometabolic risk factors. Methods Obese adults (N = 45) were randomized to 6 months of aerobic training (AERO), aerobic training and increasing nonexercise physical activity (~3000 steps above baseline levels; AERO-PA), or a control (CON) group. The AERO and AERO-PA groups performed supervised aerobic training (3–4 times per week). The AERO-PA group wore Fitbit One accelerometers and received behavioral coaching to increase nonexercise physical activity. Results There was a larger increase in fitness in the AERO-PA group (0.27 L·min−1; confidence interval (CI), 0.16 to 0.40 L·min−1) compared with the AERO group (0.09 L·min−1; CI, −0.04 to 0.22 L·min−1) and the CON group (0.01; CI, −0.11 to 0.12 L·min−1). Although significant findings were not observed in the entire study sample, when the analysis was restricted to participants compliant to the intervention (n = 33), we observed significant reductions in waist circumference, percent weight loss, body fat, 2...
Source: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise - Category: Sports Medicine Tags: APPLIED SCIENCES Source Type: research

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Conditions:   Type2 Diabetes;   NAFLD;   Obesity Intervention:   Procedure: Bariatric Surgery Sponsors:   University of Nottingham;   University of Leicester;   Medical Research Council;   International Stem Cell Forum;   University Hospitals of Derby and Burton NHS Foundation Trust Not yet recruiting
Source: - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Condition:   Overweight and Obesity Interventions:   Other: Moderate-repetition resistance training;   Other: High-repetition resistance training Sponsor:   Norwegian University of Science and Technology Recruiting
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