COVID-19 transmission and the safety of air travel during the pandemic: a scoping review

Purpose of review To examine the literature assessing safety of air travel relating to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) transmission from January 2020 to May 2021. The COVID-19 pandemic has had an unprecedented impact on air travel and global mobility, and various efforts are being implemented to determine a safe way forward. As the pandemic evolves, so do the challenges that force various stakeholders, including the aviation industry, health authorities, and governments, to reassess and adapt their practices to ensure the safety of travellers. Recent findings The literature was reviewed for multiple aspects of air travel safety during the COVID-19 pandemic. Recurring themes that surfaced included the pivotal role of commercial air travel in the geographic spread of COVID-19, the efficacy of travel restrictions and quarantines, inflight transmission risk and the role of preventive measures, the utility of pre and post flight testing, the development of effective vaccines and subsequent challenges of vaccine passports, and the ongoing threat of novel highly transmissible variants. Summary Much uncertainty lies ahead within the domains of these findings, and ongoing research, discourse and review will be necessary to navigate and determine the future direction and safety of air travel. Recovery will be slow, necessitating innovative, multipronged and collaborative solutions.
Source: Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: TROPICAL AND TRAVEL-ASSOCIATED DISEASES: Edited by Christina M. Coyle Source Type: research

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Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - Category: Science Authors: Tags: Politics UK news Coronavirus PMQs Boris Johnson Keir Starmer House of Commons Kwasi Kwarteng Green economy Climate crisis Environment Internet safety Science Infectious diseases Source Type: news
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Vaccination against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) and other pathogens with pandemic potential requires safe, protective, inexpensive, and easily accessible vaccines that can be developed and manufactured rapidly at a large scale. DNA vaccines can achieve these criteria, but induction of strong immune responses has often required bulky,...
Source: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences - Category: Science Authors: Tags: Engineering, Immunology and Inflammation, Coronavirus (COVID-19) Biological Sciences Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundThe shortage of doctors in postwar Okinawa has led to the creation of co-medicals. They were called medical service personnel and authorized to handle certain medical treatments. This included tasks such as providing injections and vaccinations under the supervision of the doctor in the health center.Issue/problemThe system of co-medicals only applied in Okinawa and not in Japan. As such, when Okinawa was reverted back to Japan in 1972, it was proposed to abolish the system. In the current emergency of the new coronavirus pandemic, we are facing a similar situation in terms of the shortage of medical pers...
Source: The European Journal of Public Health - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
The year 2019 has seen an emergence of the novel coronavirus named severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) causing coronavirus disease of 2019 (COVID-19). Since the onset of the pandemic, biological and interdisciplinary research is being carried out across the world at a rapid pace to beat the pandemic. There is an increased need to comprehensively understand various aspects of the virus from detection to treatment options including drugs and vaccines for effective global management of the disease. In this review, we summarize the salient findings pertaining to SARS-CoV-2 biology, including symptoms, ...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
ConclusionsTo ameliorate hesitancy among mothers against vaccination of their children, local government notification and subsidy as mandatory vaccination, providing the correct information about diseases and side effects of vaccinations would work as plus factors.Key messagesFor pandemic preparedness, it is necessary to research vaccine acceptance among children.This research is to explore vaccine hesitancy among mothers and factors related to their unwillingness.
Source: The European Journal of Public Health - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
ConclusionsThis study analyses neutralizing antibodies, which should prevent the virus from binding to target cells via spike protein. According to literature, immunological response to vaccine presents a great variability of antibodies level in the study population. However, no significantly correlations were found between the available variables. Preliminary data show the presence of a very intense antibody response after active vaccine immunization both in subjects with previous infection and in the rest of the study population.Key messagesCovid-19 vaccine response in a population at risk.Differences between subjects wi...
Source: The European Journal of Public Health - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
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Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
ConclusionsWith the emergence of new variants, it is important to adopt widespread mask wearing to avoid SARS-CoV-2 infection and accelerate RNA negative conversion, until effective levels of vaccination are achieved nationally.Key messagesFace masking was associated with accelerated RNA clearance of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2).Promoting community mask wearing during COVID-19 pandemic is crucial.
Source: The European Journal of Public Health - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
This study is about death by COVID-19 among medical doctors in Brazil, as part of a large one on professional categories, essentials to supporting health care system, conducted by FIOCRUZ.This stdy is part of a large one on professional categories, essentials to supporting health care system, conducted by FIOCRUZ.
Source: The European Journal of Public Health - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
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