State lockdown policies, mental health symptoms, and using substances - Das A, Singh P, Bruckner TA.

OBJECTIVE: Previous literature finds an increase in depressive symptoms, substance use, and suicidal ideation following the COVID-19 pandemic in the US - suicides do not appear to increase. We examine whether 1) state lockdown policies in the US precede an...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

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Income inequality has steadily increased over the past several decades [1]. Along with the growing wealth gap, we have also seen rising alcohol and drug use disorders, worsening mental health symptoms, and increasing deaths due to drug overdose and suicide [1 –4]. Adolescents have not been spared from this mental health crisis; suicide is now the second leading cause of death among adolescents in the U.S., and deaths due to drug overdose are also increasing [5,6]. These alarming trends have only escalated further with the COVID-19 pandemic [7].
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - Category: Child Development Authors: Tags: Editorial Source Type: research
AbstractThe papers in thisJournal of Traumatic Stress special issue on disproportionate adversity cover the gamut of discrimination traumas and stressors, including microaggressions, a more insidious forms of discrimination, and their often-devastating and wide-ranging mental health sequelae, in disproportionately affected disenfranchised groups. Discrimination based on race, ethnicity, gender, and sexual orientation commonly confers cumulative and chronic effects. In the field of traumatic stress studies, several types of identity-linked traumatic events have been identified and empirically investigated as posttraumatic s...
Source: Journal of Traumatic Stress - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: COMMENTARY Source Type: research
Abstract During the pandemic, deaths associated with mental health deterioration due to social stress have contributed to excess mortality. The purpose of the study is to evaluate changes in mortality from causes associated with social stress during the pandemic in Moscow. The analysis is based on the Rosstat statistics and RFS-EMIAS database (Medical death certificates issued by the Moscow health institutions) in 2019-2020. Deaths from mental disorders and suicides during the maximum and minimum excess mortality in Moscow in 2020 were compared to 2019 (May and December, when mortality exceeded the 2019 indicators by ...
Source: The European Journal of Public Health - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
AbstractThe papers in thisJournal of Traumatic Stress special issue on disproportionate adversity cover the gamut of discrimination traumas and stressors, including microaggressions, a more insidious forms of discrimination, and their often-devastating and wide-ranging mental health sequelae, in disproportionately affected disenfranchised groups. Discrimination based on race, ethnicity, gender, and sexual orientation commonly confers cumulative and chronic effects. In the field of traumatic stress studies, several types of identity-linked traumatic events have been identified and empirically investigated as posttraumatic s...
Source: Journal of Traumatic Stress - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: COMMENTARY Source Type: research
Asian J Psychiatr. 2021 Sep 11;66:102858. doi: 10.1016/j.ajp.2021.102858. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe ongoing COVID-19 pandemic has impacted the health and wellbeing of communities worldwide. Measures to limit transmission, have enhanced vulnerability of individuals to well identified risk factors associated with mental illness and suicide. These include a sense of loneliness, anxiety, depression, insomnia, PTSD, harmful alcohol and drug use. Given that the potential for increased rates of suicide persist, the suicide prevention agenda remains urgent and essential. The same is one of the cornerstones of resilience in...
Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Source Type: research
New Army soldiers with a history of impairing anger attacks were twice as likely to later develop major depressive disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, or suicidal ideation, according to astudy published this week inJAMA Network Open.When anger attacks, or sudden outbursts of verbal or physical aggression, cause substantial life impairment, they are a hallmark of intermittent explosive disorder (IED). IED is estimated to effect 4% to 7% of the U.S. population.Diana M. Smith, A.B., and Murray B. Stein, M.D., M.P.H., of the University of California, San Diego, and colleagues analyzed data collected as part...
Source: Psychiatr News - Category: Psychiatry Tags: anger attacks Army STARRS generalized anxiety disorder intermittent explosive disorder JAMA Network Open major depressive disorder panic disorder suicidal ideation Source Type: research
W. Poss Throughout the COVID-19 pandemic, population surveys revealed increased levels of anxiety and depression, while findings from large-scale population data analyses have revealed mixed findings with respect to the mental health consequences for children and youth. The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the well-being and health-compromising behaviors of adolescents (12–18 years) previously referred for mental health services. Data were collected (pre-pandemic n = 3712; pandemic n = 3197) from mental health agencies across Ontario, Canada using the interRAI Child and ...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Addict Behav. 2021 Aug 12;124:107084. doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2021.107084. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTOBJECTIVE: Previous literature finds an increase in depressive symptoms, substance use, and suicidal ideation following the COVID-19 pandemic in the US - suicides do not appear to increase. We examine whether 1) state lockdown policies in the US precede an increase in mental health symptoms; and 2) the extent to which using substances amplifies or attenuates the relation.METHODS: We specified, as our exposure variable, the timing of state-level lockdown orders. We used, as the outcome variable, the 4-item Patient Health Q...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - Category: Addiction Authors: Source Type: research
Data privacy scandals, help in rigging elections, spreading fake news on COVID and vaccines: Facebook has been through a lot and users are not happy with the social media giant’s performance. However, Mark Zuckerberg’s company does not only have a political and social impact, but it’s also getting quite relevant in healthcare. We looked around what Facebook currently does in healthcare and evaluated whether those are viable ways to follow in the future. Facebook: from trust issues to healthcare The social media machine built on “sophisticated, computer-driven engines for extracting use...
Source: The Medical Futurist - Category: Information Technology Authors: Tags: Bioethics Security & Privacy AI facebook future Health Healthcare Innovation social media technology VR fake news smart healthcare Mark Zuckerberg Source Type: blogs
Cult Med Psychiatry. 2021 Sep 2:1-14. doi: 10.1007/s11013-021-09749-y. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTAn international ban on psychedelics initiated by the United Nations' Convention on Psychotropic Substances in 1971 restricted the clinical use of these ancient psychoactive substances. Yet, in an era marked by rising mental health concerns and a growing "Deaths of Despair" epidemic (i.e., excess mortality and morbidity from suicide, drug overdose, and alcoholism), the structured psychedelic use that has long been a part of ritual healing experiences for human societies is slowly regaining credibility in Western m...
Source: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Source Type: research
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