Association Between Hyperactivity Symptoms and Somatic Complaints: Mediating and Moderating Mechanisms in Childhood Trauma and Life Events Among Chinese Male Adolescents

Background: Prior research has found that attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) – particularly hyperactivity symptoms – is associated with various somatic complaints. The present study further tests the relationship between hyperactivity symptoms and somatic complaints in Chinese male adolescents and explores the underlying moderating and mediating mechanisms.Methods: Our sample included 1,586 males (age = 12–16) recruited as part of an epidemiological study of child and adolescent mental disorders from April to July, 2014. Hyperactivity symptoms and somatic complaints were assessed with Achenbach's Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL), and the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire Short Form (CTQ-SF) and Adolescent Life Events Scale (ASLEC) were used to assess exposure to childhood trauma and recent life events.Results: Adolescents with hyperactivity symptoms experienced more emotional abuse, physical abuse, life events, and reported more somatic complaints symptoms (p
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

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Conclusion: High approach motivation indicated developing ADHD with ODD and CU problems, while low RRIC and low reward-related autonomic reactivity were linked to developing pure ADHD. The results are in line with models on neurocognitive subtypes in externalizing disorders.
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Participants with comorbid CD + ADHD are neurobiologically the most severely impaired group regarding reinforcement-based decision-making, particularly in response to punishment.PMID:34668442 | DOI:10.1080/15622975.2021.1995809
Source: The World Journal of Biological Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusions: Although many studies have reported a causal relationship between COVID-19 and mental illness, our study shows that this increased risk is modest. However, considering the characteristics of ADHD that might further increase the individuals' vulnerability to being infected by COVID-19, the ongoing massive worldwide exposure to COVID-19, and the high burden of schizophrenia, we believe that it is necessary to offer preventative measures to these populations and to provide more evidence in understanding the neurological impact of COVID-19.
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Regarding the controversy about the overdiagnosis of Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in children and adolescents there are two main directions addressed as issue of age bias and issue of gender...
Source: BMC Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
Conclusions Our findings provide strong evidence for a causal risk effect of insomnia on IAs and suggestive evidence for mood instability as a causal risk effect on IAs. These results could inform the prevention and clinical intervention of IAs.
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
BACKGROUND: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may affect concussion risk and recovery in youth athletes. PURPOSE: To evaluate the association between incidence of concussion and postinjury recovery of symptoms and neurocognitive dysfu...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
This cohort study investigates the rate of pediatrician recommendations for behavioral treatment for preschoolers with an attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder diagnosis or symptoms.
Source: JAMA Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research
Orv Hetil. 2021 Oct 17;162(42):1703-1708. doi: 10.1556/650.2021.32198.ABSTRACTÖsszefoglaló. Bár a figyelemhiányos hiperaktivitási zavar kezelése során alkalmazott metilfenidát-monoterápiával összefüggésben jelentkező gynaecomastiáról bizonyos nemkívánatos hatások adatbázisai beszámolnak, a szakirodalom áttekintése alapján ez idáig mindössze 5 esettanulmányt publikáltak a témában. Tanulmányunkban egy autizmusspektrum-zavarra...
Source: Orvosi Hetilap - Category: General Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
This article provides (a) a methodological critique of studies on race bias and gender bias in diagnosis and (b) a narrative review of results from studies with good internal validity. The results suggest that race bias occurs for the diagnosis of conduct disorder, antisocial personality disorder, comorbid substance abuse and mood disorders, eating disorders, posttraumatic stress disorder, and the differential diagnosis of schizophrenia and psychotic affective disorders. Other results suggest that gender bias occurs for the diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, conduct disorder, a...
Source: Clinical Psychology Review - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Source Type: research
Condition:   Attention Deficit With Hyperactivity Disorder Intervention:   Diagnostic Test: immuno analysis and neuropsychological tests Sponsor:   Fondation Lenval Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
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