Effectiveness of ADC Difference Value on Pre-neoadjuvant Chemotherapy MRI for Response Evaluation of Breast Cancer

Technol Cancer Res Treat. 2021 Jan-Dec;20:15330338211039129. doi: 10.1177/15330338211039129.ABSTRACTBackground: Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) is known to be a suitable treatment and first-line defense for locally advanced breast cancer. However, the NAC response may include unexpected outcomes, and it is not easy to predict the NAC response precisely. Especially, early detection of those patients who do not benefit from NAC is needed to reduce unnecessary therapy and side effects. Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine whether the pretreatment apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) value is effective for predicting the response of breast cancer to NAC. Method: Forty-nine breast cancer cases with pre- and post-NAC breast MRI were enrolled. MRI was performed using a 1.5-T scanner with the basic protocol including diffusion-weighted imaging. ADC difference value (ADC-diff) was calculated in all cases. Results: ADC-diff was high in complete response and partial response cases (p
Source: Technology in Cancer Research and Treatment - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: research

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ConclusionIt can be concluded that FDG-PET/CT is useful for evaluation of neo-adjuvant chemotherapy for breast cancer. However, more studies are needed to validate the results of the current study.
Source: QJM - Category: Internal Medicine Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: xxxxxx.PMID:34384696 | DOI:10.1016/j.clbc.2021.07.002
Source: Clinical Breast Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: research
Oncotarget. 2021 Jul 6;12(14):1354-1365. doi: 10.18632/oncotarget.28002. eCollection 2021 Jul 6.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND: Radiomics involving quantitative analysis of imaging has shown promises in oncology to serve as non-invasive biomarkers. We investigated whether pre-treatment T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can be used to predict response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) in breast cancer.MATERIALS AND METHODS: MRI scans were obtained for 102 patients with locally advanced breast cancer (LABC). All patients were treated with standard regimens of NAC as decided by the treating oncologist, followed by surgery and ...
Source: Oncotarget - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: research
IntroductionOlaparib is effective in metastatic triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) carrying germline mutations in DNA damage repair (DDR) genes BRCA1/2 (gBRCA-mut). The OLTRE window-of-opportunity trial preliminarily investigated potential pathologic, radiometabolic and immune biomarkers of early-response to olaparib in gBRCA-wild-type (wt) TNBC and, as proof-of-concept in gBRCA-mut HER2-negative BC.MethodsPatients received olaparib for 3 weeks (3w) before standard neoadjuvant chemotherapy and underwent multiple FDG18-PET/CT scan (basal, after olaparib), clinical assessments (basal, every 3w), tumor biopsies and blood sa...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Discussion and conclusion. Similar cases in literature are commonly referred to a first-line surgery and the role of neoadjuvant chemotherapy is debatable.PMID:34073827 | DOI:10.3390/curroncol28030182
Source: Current Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: research
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