Unraveling the Complexity of Imported Malaria Infections by Amplicon Deep Sequencing

This study aimed to determine the molecular patterns of the imported malaria infections and recurrence. Blood samples were collected from patients with imported malaria infections during 2016–2018 in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, China. Next-generation amplicon deep-sequencing approaches were used to assess parasite genetic diversity, multiplexity of infection, relapse, recrudescence, and antimalarial drug resistance. A total of 44 imported malaria cases were examined during the study, of which 35 (79.5%) had recurrent malaria infections within 1 year. The majority (91.4%) had one recurrent malaria episode, whereas two patients had two recurrences and one patient had three recurrences. A total of 19 recurrence patterns (the species responsible for primary and successive clinical episodes) were found in patients returning from malaria epidemic countries. Four parasite species were detected with a higher than usual proportion (46.2%) of non-falciparum infections or mixed-species infections. An increasing trend of recurrence infections and reduced drug treatment efficacy were observed among the cases of imported malaria. The high recurrence rate and complex patterns of imported malaria from Africa to non-endemic countries have the potential to initiate local transmission, thereby undermining efforts to eliminate locally acquired malaria. Our findings highlight the power of amplicon deep-sequencing applications in molecular epidemiological studies of the imported malari...
Source: Frontiers in cellular and infection microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Related Links:

Distribution of mosquito nets in Kadiolo, region of Sikasso, Mali June 2020. Credit: PSI, A US based NGO. The UN commemorates World Malaria Day on Sunday April 25. By Hervé VerhooselGENEVA, Apr 23 2021 (IPS) Despite its 229 million cases and 409,000 deaths in 2019, malaria is an overlooked epidemic. The emergence of COVID-19 has thrown health systems into disarray and forced countries to shift their focus from malaria to the pandemic response, threatening to reverse 20 years of malaria gains. Now, as we enter the second year of the pandemic, the global response to COVID-19 must not come at the expense of progress a...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Aid Development & Aid Featured Global Global Governance Headlines Health Human Rights Population Poverty & SDGs TerraViva United Nations Source Type: news
Conclusions/SignificanceThe molecular epidemiology indicates that there is long-standing endemic transmission that will be very challenging to eliminate. The virtual absence of drug resistance alleles suggests that most infections have been untreated, and that this endemic infection has been more neglected in comparison toP.vivax elsewhere.
Source: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
We describe the IgG antibody response in individuals living in an unstable malaria transmission area in Pará state, Amazon region, Brazil, where an epidemic of P. vivax malaria was recorded and monitored over time. As indicated by epidemiological data, the number of P. vivax-caused malaria cases decreased by approximately 90% after three years and the prevalence of IgG positive to PvMSP1-19 decreased significantly over time, in 2010 (93.4 %), 2012 (78.3%), and 2013 (85.1%). Acquisition and decay of the IgG antibody against P. vivax MSP1-19 showed variability among individuals living in areas with recent circulating ...
Source: Acta Tropica - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Acta Trop Source Type: research
This study examines the prevalences of malaria and lymphatic filaria, which are prevalent in Indonesia, as well as those of soil-transmitted-helminths (STH). As a result, the Plasmodium falciparum and P. vivax case loads are almost equal. The current prevalence of P. vivax is uniformly low (<5%) in all age groups and annual parasite incidence (API) showed decreasing tendency as 0.84 per 1,000 population in 2016. However, more than 65 million people still live in malaria epidemic regions. Lymphatic filariasis remains an important public health problem and 236 cities were classified as endemic areas in 514 cities/district...
Source: Korean Journal of Parasitology - Category: Parasitology Tags: Korean J Parasitol Source Type: research
Climate change is the greatest health challenge of the 21st century, and threatens all aspects of society, says the WHO in its COP24 Special Report. What could digital health technologies do to support the fight against the climate crisis? How could healthcare processes, facilities, medical devices become more sustainable? As it is humanity’s priority to mitigate the worsening as well as the impact of rising temperatures and extreme weather events, we tried to figure out what role digital health could assume here. We found many options – and even more possibilities for future development. The climate crisis...
Source: The Medical Futurist - Category: Information Technology Authors: Tags: Future of Medicine air asthma climate climate catastrophe climate change climate crisis digital digital health efficient Healthcare mosquito optimize resilience solar sustainability technology Source Type: blogs
Conclusions Nucleoside hydrolases are vital enzymes for the replication of Leishmania, conserved phylogenetic marker of the genus and strong-specific immunogens. We demonstrated that NH36 is an excellent target for chemotherapy of visceral leishmaniasis. Searching for the most immunogenic fraction of promastigotes of Leishmania we described the FML antigen of L. (L.) donovani, that has as its main component, the NH36 Nucleoside hydrolase. We developed second–generation vaccines with the FML and the NH36 native antigens, and with the NH36 recombinant protein. In addition, we obtained a third generation vaccine based ...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Jeffrey G. Shaffer1*, Frances J. Mather1, Mamadou Wele2, Jian Li1, Cheick Oumar Tangara2, Yaya Kassogue2, Sudesh K. Srivastav1, Oumar Thiero2, Mahamadou Diakite2, Modibo Sangare2, Djeneba Dabitao2, Mahamoudou Toure2, Abdoulaye A. Djimde2, Sekou Traore2, Brehima Diakite2, Mamadou B. Coulibaly2, Yaozhong Liu1, Michelle Lacey3, John J. Lefante1, Ousmane Koita2, John S. Schieffelin4, Donald J. Krogstad1 and Seydou O. Doumbia2 1Department of Global Biostatistics and Data Science, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, LA, United States 2Faculty of Medicine and Odontostomatology, Un...
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
The objective of the study was to estimate the malaria incidence attributable to the 2013 flood in Almanagil Locality, Gezira State in central Sudan. Methods Study Area Gezira State is located in the east-central region of Sudan, is crossed by the Blue Nile and is irrigated by two canals of the Gezira and Managil agriculture schemes. Almanagil Locality was in 2013 one of the 8 localities that constituted the Gezira State and was situated in the south western part of the state. Almanagil Town, the capital of the locality, is 62 km away from Wadmedani, the capital of Gezira State, and 156 km from Khartoum, the capital o...
Source: PLOS Currents Disasters - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Source Type: research
The epidemiological profiles of vector-borne diseases, such as malaria, are strongly associated with landscape components. The reduction of malaria burden in endemic and epidemic regions mainly depends on know...
Source: Parasites and Vectors - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
cedil;ınkaya E Abstract Malaria is an infectious disease caused by an intracellular parasite, Plasmodium, which is transmitted to humans after the bite of an Anopheles mosquito. This disease has been prevalent for decades. It has caused great epidemics in history and has also delayed social and economic development. It is endemic in the Eastern Mediterranean and Southeastern Anatolia regions of our country. The most common plasmodium in our country is P. vivax. In P. vivax infections, patients should be treated with primaquine to eradicate hypnozoites. Here, we present a case of relapse with P. vivax, and we emph...
Source: Turkish Society for Parasitology - Category: Parasitology Authors: Tags: Turkiye Parazitol Derg Source Type: research
More News: African Health | China Health | Endemics | Epidemics | Epidemiology | Genetics | Malaria | Microbiology | Parasitic Diseases | Parasitology | Study