In plane sight: Inattentional blindness affects visual detection of external targets in simulated flight

Appl Ergon. 2021 Sep 9;98:103578. doi: 10.1016/j.apergo.2021.103578. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTAviation places significant demands on pilots' perceptual and attentional capacities. The avoidance of other objects both on the ground and in the air is critical to safe flight. Research on automobile driving has revealed the occurrence of 'inattentional blindness' (IB) whereby objects clearly located within the visual field may not detected when drivers are concurrently engaged in another attention capturing task such as a cellphone conversation. Almost no comparable research has been conducted within the aviation domain despite the significance of both ground-based and mid-air collisions. The present study was designed to investigate the effects of diverting attentional resources away from the primary task of safely flying a simulated light aircraft from takeoff to cruising. Flight naïve students were trained to proficiency in a flight-simulator and flew two simulated flights with and without a competing attentional task. Detection of a variety of objects placed in the background was measured. The results showed that when distracted by an engaging cellphone conversation novice pilots failed to detect many of the objects located within the visual scene. Recognition accuracy was greater when pilots' attention was not diverted elsewhere. There was a reduction in time spent looking at some key flight instruments but not on others. Inattentional blindness poses significant fl...
Source: Applied Ergonomics - Category: Occupational Health Authors: Source Type: research

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CONCLUSION: We propose intermediate IFS as a new subgroup of patients with IFS who do not fit into the standard classification of aIFS or cIFS.PMID:34694144 | DOI:10.1177/00034894211052854
Source: The Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Results of our study support the hypothesis that D-allele and DD-genotype of rs35569394 have deleterious effect on the progression of DR. C-allele had skewed frequency towards DR III subjects owing to strong linkage disequilibrium between C-allele (rs699947) and D-allele (rs35569394).PMID:34693874 | DOI:10.1080/13816810.2021.1992786
Source: Ophthalmic Genetics - Category: Opthalmology Authors: Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Immunology Research - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Source Type: research
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Source: Free Radical Biology and Medicine - Category: Biology Authors: Source Type: research
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Source: Ophthalmologica - Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research
Stefania Galdiero HSV infections, both type 1 and type 2, are among the most widespread viral diseases affecting people of all ages. Their symptoms could be mild, with cold sores up to 10 days of infection, blindness and encephalitis caused by HSV-1 affecting immunocompetent and immunosuppressed individuals. The severe effects derive from co-evolution with the host, resulting in immune evasion mechanisms, including latency and growing resistance to acyclovir and derivatives. An efficient alternative to controlling the spreading of HSV mutations is the exploitation of new drugs, and the possibility of enhancing their ...
Source: Molecules - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Exp Eye Res. 2021 Oct 21:108800. doi: 10.1016/j.exer.2021.108800. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTAging is a predominant risk factor for various eye diseases. Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the leading cause of blindness in the elderly, and its etiology remains unclear. Fragmented and dysfunctional mitochondria are associated with age-related diseases. The retinal pigment epithelium (RPE), a polarized cell layer that functions in visual pigment recycling and degeneration, is suspected as the primary region site of AMD. In the present study, we investigated the relationship between mitochondrial dysfunction and RPE...
Source: Experimental Eye Research - Category: Opthalmology Authors: Source Type: research
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Source: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Source Type: research
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Source: Daily Express - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
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