Nutrition and Growth in Neonates Undergoing Cardiac Surgery

Growth failure is a widespread health problem in infants with congenital heart disease, specifically infants with single ventricle heart lesions, including hypoplastic left heart syndrome. Optimizing nutrition delivery for neonates undergoing cardiac surgery is challenging given environmental and physiologic barriers. Concomitant with nutrition delivery challenges, wide practice variations exist among clinicians. Malnutrition and poor growth are associated with poor wound healing, increased infection risk, prolonged hospitalizations, and long-term neurodevelopmental disability, including worse school performance. The cause of early postnatal growth failure is multifactorial and related to the delay in onset of enteral feedings, increased metabolic stress of cardiac surgery, cyanosis, low cardiac output, increased energy expenditure, altered splanchnic perfusion, and gastrointestinal morbidities. In addition, cardiac infants are susceptible to unique complications, including chylothorax, vocal cord dysmotility, and swallowing dysfunction.
Source: NeoReviews recent issues - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Pediatric Drug Labeling Update Articles Source Type: news

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Source: GEO: Gene Expression Omnibus - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: Expression profiling by high throughput sequencing Homo sapiens Source Type: research
Conclusion: Here, we reveal several Nrf2 dose-responsive miRNA loci harboring putative upstream antioxidant response elements (AREs). Intriguingly, Nrf2-mediated miRNA responses were distinctly enriched for post-transcriptional regulation of cardiac-specific mRNAs. Altogether, these data reveal Nrf2 as a potent regulator of cardiac miRNA expression and provide novel candidates for future mechanistic investigation into the relationship between myocardial redox status and pathophysiology.
Source: GEO: Gene Expression Omnibus - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: Non-coding RNA profiling by high throughput sequencing Mus musculus Source Type: research
Conclusion: Here, we reveal several Nrf2 dose-responsive miRNA loci harboring putative upstream antioxidant response elements (AREs). Intriguingly, Nrf2-mediated miRNA responses were distinctly enriched for post-transcriptional regulation of cardiac-specific mRNAs. Altogether, these data reveal Nrf2 as a potent regulator of cardiac miRNA expression and provide novel candidates for future mechanistic investigation into the relationship between myocardial redox status and pathophysiology.
Source: GEO: Gene Expression Omnibus - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: Expression profiling by high throughput sequencing Mus musculus Source Type: research
Contributors : Ashley McDonough ; Richard V Lee ; Shahani Noor ; Chungeun Lee ; Thu Le ; Michael Iorga ; Jessica L Phillips ; Sean Murphy ; Thomas M öller ; Jonathan R WeinsteinSeries Type : Expression profiling by arrayOrganism : Mus musculusStroke is the fifth leading cause of death in the United States and is a leading cause of serious long-term disability worldwide. Innate immune responses are critical in stroke pathophysiology, and microglia are key cellular effectors in the CNS response to ischemia/reperfusion. Using a transcriptional analysis approach, we identified a robust interferon (IFN)-stimulated gene res...
Source: GEO: Gene Expression Omnibus - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: Expression profiling by array Mus musculus Source Type: research
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Source: Transplantation - Category: Transplant Surgery Tags: Reviews Source Type: research
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Source: Transplantation - Category: Transplant Surgery Tags: Original Basic Science—General Source Type: research
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Source: Transplantation - Category: Transplant Surgery Tags: Original Basic Science—General Source Type: research
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Source: Transplantation - Category: Transplant Surgery Tags: Original Clinical Science—General Source Type: research
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Source: The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation - Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Tags: (182) Source Type: research
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