Prevalence of eating disorders and disordered eating in Western Asia: a systematic review and meta-Analysis

This study aimed to systematically synthesize and appraise existing literature on the prevalence of eating disorders and disordered eating in Western Asia.A systematic literature search of major English and Arabic databases, i.e., PubMed/Medline, EMBASE, PsychInfo, Web of Science and Scopus (English), Al-Manhal (Arabic) and grey literature was done to obtain the prevalence of disordered eating and eating disorders in Western Asia. The literature search was conducted on June 12th, 2020, and included papers from 1990-2020.Out of the 249 unduplicated original studies reviewed, 27 were included in the final meta-analysis. Data were then categorized according to the tools used to identify the presence of disordered eating or eating disorders. The pooled prevalence of disordered eating as solicited by both the Eating Attitudes Scale 26 and the Eating Attitudes Scale 40 (N = 11841) was 22.07%, the Sick, Control, One stone, Fat, Food Questionnaire (n = 3160) was 22.28% and the Eating Disorder Examination-Questionnaire (n = 425) was 7.95%. The pooled prevalence obtained from those studies using semi-structured interviews for anorexia nervosa (n = 118190) was 1.59%, bulimia nervosa (n = 118513) was 2.41% and the estimated prevalence of Eating Disorder Not Otherwise Specified (EDNOS) (n = 118087) was 3.51%.Although the prevalence rate of eating disorders solicited using semi-structured interviews appeared to parallel the international range, the overall prevalence rate of disordered eat...
Source: Eating Disorders - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Source Type: research

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DiscussionThe SE-ED patients in our sample began treatment years after the onset of symptoms, which may have led to their chronification. This emphasizes the importance of an early diagnosis in eating disorders. They presented with a high rate of physical complications and mental comorbidity. In the current sample, it was determined that patients with AN presented with higher rates of osteoporosis and hypogonadotropic hypogonadism than patients with BN.Level of evidenceLevel III: Evidence obtained from well-designed cohort or case –control analytic studies.Plain English summaryAt present, the criteria for severe and ...
Source: Journal of Eating Disorders - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Source Type: research
Purpose of review To review the recent literature on the epidemiology of anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa in terms of incidence, prevalence and mortality. Recent findings Although the overall incidence rate of anorexia nervosa is considerably stable over the past decades, the incidence among younger persons (aged
Source: Current Opinion in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: EATING DISORDERS: Edited by Hans W. Hoek and Anna Keski-Rahkonen Source Type: research
Appetite. 2021 Oct 8:105745. doi: 10.1016/j.appet.2021.105745. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTFood choice and its underlying processes is understudied in Bulimia Nervosa (BN) and Anorexia Nervosa (AN). Thus, we examined cognitive processes during food choice through mouse tracing in AN (n = 36) and BN (n = 27) undergoing inpatient treatment. Both patient groups and matched healthy controls (HC, n = 59) made 153 binary food choices before rating all foods on their liking and calorie density. Choice outcomes and corresponding mouse movements were modelled as a function of inpatient treatment stage in our analyses. Compared to...
Source: Appetite - Category: Nutrition Authors: Source Type: research
Nervenarzt. 2021 Oct 7. doi: 10.1007/s00115-021-01191-0. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTAn overview of eating and feeding disorders according to the future criteria of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11) is presented, including information on differential diagnosis, epidemiology, etiology, pathogenesis as well as therapy. Binge-eating disorder is new and the most frequent eating disorder. While anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa mostly affect women, the gender ratio in binge-eating disorder is more balanced. Concerning etiology, socio-cultural, biological and psychological factors are discussed. Cognitiv...
Source: Der Nervenarzt - Category: Neurology Authors: Source Type: research
Conditions:   Anorexia Nervosa;   Bulimia Nervosa Intervention:   Sponsor:   University of California, San Diego Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Eat Behav. 2021 Sep 11;43:101566. doi: 10.1016/j.eatbeh.2021.101566. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTVaping is common among college-age young adults. Preliminary research has shown associations between vaping and eating disorder symptoms, however, there remain gaps in this knowledge among college students. The aim of this study was to determine the associations between vaping and a self-reported lifetime eating disorder diagnosis and eating disorder risk among a large sample of college students. Cross-sectional data from the 2018-2019 national (U.S.) Healthy Minds Study (n = 51,231) were analyzed. Multiple logistic regressio...
Source: Eating Behaviors - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionsYA-TBT-S is a feasible and acceptable adjunctive treatment for young adults with a broad range of ED diagnoses and may be a method for  involving parents in ED treatment in ways that are acceptable to both parents and YA. Further evaluation of efficacy is needed in larger samples, and to compare YA-TBT-S to other ED treatment approaches.Plain English summary Eating disorders are costly and dangerous psychiatric disorders that affect millions of individuals each year. Despite their risks and societal costs, currently available treatments are limited. This study examined the acceptability and efficacy of...
Source: Journal of Eating Disorders - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Source Type: research
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