Effects of Self-myofascial Release Using a Foam Roller on Range of Motion and Morphological Changes in Muscle: A Crossover Study
Yoshimura, A, Inami, T, Schleip, R, Mineta, S, Shudo, K, and Hirose, N. Effects of self-myofascial release using a foam roller on range of motion and morphological changes in muscle: a crossover study. J Strength Cond Res 35(9): 2444–2450, 2021—Self-myofascial release using a foam roller (FR) is effective in improving range of motion (ROM) in at least some conditions. However, its mechanism is still unclear. Therefore, this study investigated potential acute muscle morphological changes after the FR intervention and aimed to clarify the mechanism of increases in ROM by the FR intervention. We hypothesized that the FR intervention may increase ROM because of changes in fascicle length (FL) and aponeurosis displacement. This crossover study, involving 22 male university students (21.5 ± 1.3 years, 170.6 ± 4.0 cm, and 64.1 ± 8.9 kg; mean ± SD), compared the FR intervention targeting the gastrocnemius muscle with the control trial. The outcome measures were maximum passive ankle ROM, morphology of the gastrocnemius muscle (FL and aponeurosis displacement) during passive ankle plantar flexor movement, degree of pain during the FR intervention, and sensation of the triceps surae muscle. Although ROM of both dorsiflexion and plantar flexion increased significantly after the FR intervention (p
Seglentis contains 56 mg of celecoxib and 44 mg of tramadol and should be reserved for adults with severe refractory pain.FDA Approvals
Conclusions: In trials published from 2010 to 2019, M-M-RII continued to be safe and immunogenic in all age groups studied. These data, along with the results of earlier trials, indicate that the performance of the vaccine has been consistent across more than 30 years of postlicensure studies.
Purpose of review This review highlights recent research advances regarding the pathophysiology and treatment of gastroparesis. Recent findings Differences in brain activity have been identified on functional MRI imaging in gastroparesis patients with nausea. Abdominal pain is common in patients with gastroparesis and does not correlate with the severity of gastric emptying delay, though may be associated with depression and anxiety. Autonomic dysfunction may play an important role in the pathophysiology of gastroparesis. There is increasing sentiment that gastroparesis should be considered a part of the same sp...
Most common sequelae include functional mobility impairments, pulmonary abnormalities, and mental health disorders
Self-administered external trigeminal nerve stimulation is superior to sham stimulation in relieving pain for patients with episodic migraine, results from a phase 3 study show.Medscape Medical News
Tramadol in widely used for noncancer pain but as compared with codeine, it was associated with a higher risk for adverse outcomes, including death.Medscape Medical News
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