Potential Resilience to Post-traumatic Stress Disorder and Common Mental Disorders among Lay Health Workers Working on the Friendship Bench Programme in Zimbabwe

CONCLUSION: Despite living and working in the same settings as their clients, the Friendship Bench LHWs show good mental health outcomes.PMID:34421051 | DOI:10.1353/hpu.2021.0152
Source: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Source Type: research

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CONCLUSIONS: Internet-delivered CBT may reduce the severity of PTSD symptoms compared with wait-list or usual care, but the evidence is very uncertain, and iCBT may have little to no effect on improving PTSD symptoms compared with non-CBT interventions delivered online, but here as well the evidence is very uncertain.For adults with PTSD, iCBT may be cost-effective compared with usual care. We estimate that publicly funding iCBT in Ontario would result in additional costs of between $2.37 million and $2.43 million per year over the next 5 years.People with PTSD seem to generally find iCBT as an acceptable treatment option....
Source: Ontario Health Technology Assessment Series - Category: General Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Despite living and working in the same settings as their clients, the Friendship Bench LHWs show good mental health outcomes.PMID:34421051 | DOI:10.1353/hpu.2021.0152
Source: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionsBrief trauma-focused interventions are potentially effective in reducing symptoms of PTSD, depression and anxiety in police with CPTSD and PTSD. Further research is needed to establish whether additional CPTSD symptoms (affect dysregulation, self-perception and relational difficulties) are also reduced.
Source: Occupational Medicine - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
Prisoner’s insomnia prevalence, insomnia associated factors and interventions with sleep as an outcome: a review and narrative analysis Chris Griffiths, Farah Hina International Journal of Prisoner Health, Vol. ahead-of-print, No. ahead-of-print, pp.- Insomnia is highly prevalent in prisoners. The purpose of this paper is a review of research evidence on interventions with sleep as an outcome (2000 to 2020) and rates of insomnia prevalence and associated factors in prisons (2015 to 2020). An internet-based search used Medline, PubMed, PsycINFO (EBSCOhost), Embase, Web of Science and Scopus. Seven...
Source: International Journal of Prisoner Health - Category: Criminology Authors: Source Type: research
Int J Prison Health. 2021 Jul 6;ahead-of-print(ahead-of-print). doi: 10.1108/IJPH-01-2021-0014.ABSTRACTPURPOSE: Insomnia is highly prevalent in prisoners. The purpose of this paper is a review of research evidence on interventions with sleep as an outcome (2000 to 2020) and rates of insomnia prevalence and associated factors in prisons (2015 to 2020).DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: An internet-based search used Medline, PubMed, PsycINFO (EBSCOhost), Embase, Web of Science and Scopus. Seven interventions and eight sleep prevalence or sleep-associated factor papers were identified.FINDINGS: Intervention research was very limite...
Source: International Journal of Prisoner Health - Category: Criminology Authors: Source Type: research
This study examines the effect of rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT) intervention on posttraumatic depressed flood victims in Nigeria. A total number of 98 participants (parents) were randomly assigned to treatment (n = 49) and the waitlisted control (n = 49) groups. REBT Depression Manual was used for the delivery of the intervention while depression was e valuated using Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS) and Goldberg Depression Scale. The data of the pretest, posttest and follow-up were subjected to statistical analysis using SPSS version 22. Specifically, Analysis of covarianc...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
Updated review:  Internet‐based cognitive and behavioural therapies for post‐traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in adultsWhy was this review important?Post-traumatic stress disorder, or PTSD, is a common mental illness that can occur after a serious traumatic event. Symptoms include re-experiencing the trauma as nightmares, flashbacks, and distressing thoughts; avoiding reminders of the traumatic event; experiencing negative changes to thoughts and mood; and hyperarousal, which includes feeling on edge, being easily startled, feeling angry, having difficulties sleeping, and problems concentrating. PTSD can be treate...
Source: Cochrane News and Events - Category: Information Technology Authors: Source Type: news
Condition:   Acceptability of Health Care Intervention:   Behavioral: Trauma-focused cognitive behavioural therapy via a digital support Sponsor:   Karolinska Institutet Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
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