The use of segmented regression for evaluation of an interrupted time series study involving complex intervention: the CaPSAI project experience

AbstractAn interrupted time series with a parallel control group (ITS-CG) design is a powerful quasi-experimental design commonly used to evaluate the effectiveness of an intervention, on accelerating uptake of useful public health products, and can be used in the presence of regularly collected data. This paper illustrates how a segmented Poisson model that utilizes general estimating equations (GEE) can be used for the ITS-CG study design to evaluate the effectiveness of a complex social accountability intervention on the level and rate of uptake of modern contraception. The intervention was gradually rolled-out over time to targeted intervention communities in Ghana and Tanzania, with control communities receiving standard of care, as per national guidelines. Two ITS GEE segmented regression models are proposed for evaluating of the uptake. The first, a two-segmented model, fits the data collected during pre-intervention and post-intervention excluding that collected during intervention roll-out. The second, a three-segmented model, fits all data including that collected during the roll-out. A much simpler difference-in-difference (DID) GEE Poisson regression model is also illustrated. Mathematical formulation of both ITS-segmented Poisson models and that of the DID Poisson model, interpretation and significance of resulting regression parameters, and accounting for different sources of variation and lags in intervention effect are respectively discussed. Strengths and lim...
Source: Health Services and Outcomes Research Methodology - Category: Statistics Source Type: research

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ConclusionsThe prevalence of OCI observed in our study is consistent with previous literature, and we confirm that it is more frequently retrieved in women. Longitudinal research is warranted to elucidate the evolution, while knowledge about the disorder is needed to raise the awareness of rheumatologists and radiologists and to properly identify and report the condition.Key Points• OCI may mimic sacroiliitis and is a major differential diagnosis of radiographic axial spondyloarthritis.• Prevalence of OCI in our sample is 1.0%, in line with previous literature.• OCI predominantly affects women, and our study...
Source: Clinical Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research
AbstractLong-term sequel of acute COVID-19, commonly referred to as long COVID, has affected millions of patients worldwide. Long COVID patients display persistent or relapsing and remitting symptoms that include fatigue, breathlessness, cough, myalgia, arthralgia, sleep disturbance, cognitive impairment and skin rashes. Due to the shared clinical features, laboratory and imaging findings, long COVID could mimic rheumatic disease posing a diagnostic challenge. Our comprehensive literature review will help rheumatologist to be aware of long COVID manifestations and differentiating features from rheumatic diseases to ensure ...
Source: Clinical Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research
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