The Positive and Negative Sleep Appraisal Measure: Towards a clinical validation of sleep spectrum cognitions

CONCLUSION: This study has initially validated the PANSAM with clinical populations and highlighted its applicability to a transdiagnostic approach.PMID:34424589 | DOI:10.1002/cpp.2662
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Source Type: research

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CONCLUSION: We found frequent co-occurrence of childhood trauma history and current insomnia in severe mental disorders. Insomnia partly mediated the relationship between childhood trauma and the severity of clinical symptoms and functional impairment. PMID: 32321600 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Psychological Medicine - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Psychol Med Source Type: research
Sleep disturbance plays several key roles in bipolar disorder (BD). From a diagnostic perspective, insomnia and hypersomnia are criteria for a depressive episode, while decreased need for sleep is a highly specific symptom for a manic episode. Sleep disturbance is the most common prodromal symptom preceding mania, and the duration of sleep observed early in the course of psychiatric hospitalization may predict the speed of recovery from a manic episode. Even during euthymic periods, patients with BD frequently struggle with sleep difficulties, which may affect quality of life and the choice of pharmacotherapy and increase ...
Source: JAMA Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
This study aims to investigate if sleep disturbances are related to cognitive impairments in schizophrenia spectrum (SCZ) and bipolar disorders (BD), if this relationship varies between different sleep disturbances (insomnia, hypersomnia or delayed sleep phase (DSP)) and lastly, if this relationship differs between clinical groups and healthy controls (HC). We included 797 patients (SCZ = 457, BD = 340) from the Norwegian Centre for Mental Disorders Research (NORMENT) study in Norway. Sleep disturbances were based on items from the Inventory of Depressive Symptoms-Clinician rated scale (IDS-C). ...
Source: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci Source Type: research
Conclusions: Sleep patterns in children and adolescents were related to the psychiatric diagnosis of their parent(s). Future follow-up of these results may clarify the relations between early sleep differences and the risk of developing mood disorders in individuals at high familial risk.IntroductionSleep disturbances are core symptoms of mood disorders including major depressive disorder and bipolar disorder (1). Additionally, sleep problems have been associated with more severe symptoms, greater functional impairment, and increased risk for relapse among individuals with mood disorders (2). Over 40% of children and youth...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Sleep alterations frequently appear long before the onset of BD, and appear to be related specifically to the polarity of the index episode. The detection and treatment of sleep alterations in special high risk populations may help achieving an earlier detection of the illness. PMID: 30818134 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Eur Psychiatry Source Type: research
ConclusionsSleep alterations frequently appear long before the onset of BD, and appear to be related specifically to the polarity of the index episode. The detection and treatment of sleep alterations in special high risk populations may help achieving an earlier detection of the illness.
Source: European Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Bipolar Disorder (BD) is a common psychiatric condition that leads to functional disability, poor quality of life, increased suicide risk and reduced life expectancy (Costa et  al., 2015; Gitlin and Miklowitz, 2017; Kessing et al, 2015; Xiao et al., 2016). Since classic Kraepelin´s description of manic-depressive insanity to current psychiatric diagnosis criteria, sleep disturbances are typically described during major mood episodes in BD (Kraepelin, 1921; APA, 2013). A recent study showed that reduced sleep need and insomnia are the most frequent disturbances when in mania and both insomnia and hypers...
Source: Psychiatry Research - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Source Type: research
Authors: Ferini-Strambi L, Sforza M, Poletti M, Giarrusso F, Galbiati A Abstract Excessive Daytime Sleepiness (EDS) is a common condition with a significant impact on quality of life and general health. A mild form of sleepiness can be associated with reduced reactivity and modest distractibility symptoms, but more severe symptomatic forms are characterized by an overwhelming and uncontrollable need to sleep, causing sudden sleep attacks, amnesia and automatic behaviors. The prevalence in the general population is between 10 and 25%. Furthermore, EDS has been considered a core symptom of obstructive sleep apnea (OS...
Source: Medicina del Lavoro - Category: Occupational Health Tags: Med Lav Source Type: research
Sleep disturbances are common across bipolar spectrum disorders. Reduced need for sleep, insomnia and hypersomnia (excessive sleep or sleepiness) are diagnostic features of illness episodes; these sleep disturbances persist into the interepisode period and are associated with functional impairment and risk for relapse.1 Few studies have investigated subtypes of sleep disturbances within bipolar spectrum disorders, and these have been limited to specific illness states (eg, depression)2 or to specific bipolar subtypes (eg, bipolar I disorder).3This cross-sectional study recruited 563 inpatient and outpatient adults with bip...
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
ABSTRACT FROM: Steinan MK, Scott J, Lagerberg TV, et al. Sleep problems in bipolar disorders: more than just insomnia. Acta Psychiatr Scand 2016;133:368–77. What is already known on this topic Sleep disturbances are common across bipolar spectrum disorders. Reduced need for sleep, insomnia and hypersomnia (excessive sleep or sleepiness) are diagnostic features of illness episodes; these sleep disturbances persist into the interepisode period and are associated with functional impairment and risk for relapse.1 Few studies have investigated subtypes of sleep disturbances within bipolar spectrum disorders, and these hav...
Source: Evidence-Based Mental Health - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Outcomes Source Type: research
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