Metabolic variables associated with response to cognitive behavioural therapy for depression in females: a Canadian biomarker integration network for depression (CAN-BIND) study - Jones BDM, Levitan RD, Wang W, Uher R, Rotzinger S, Foster JA, Kennedy SH, Farzan F, Quilty LC, Kloiber S.

INTRODUCTION: Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is an established first-line treatment for depression; however, it remains unclear which factors predict a positive outcome with this approach. Prior work suggests that co-morbid obesity predicts a poorer r...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

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Conclusions: Although the risk of suicide is low, psychiatric disorders, male sex, and gastric bypass procedure seem to increase the risk of suicide after bariatric surgery, indicating a role for tailored preoperative psychiatric evaluation and postoperative surveillance.
Source: Annals of Surgery - Category: Surgery Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research
Conclusion: Fibromyalgia patients are particularly prone to suicide, in terms of ideation, attempt, risk and events, warranting a pre-emptive screening of their mental health status. Given the few studies available, the high amount of heterogeneity, the evidence of publications bias and the lack of statistical significance when adjusting for underlying psychiatric co-morbidities, further high-quality studies should be conducted.Clinical Trial, identifier 10.17605/OSF.IO/Y4BUE.
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Conclusions In this study, 9- and 10-year-old girls with a history of depression were more likely to have an elevated BMI and elevated waist-to-height ratio than girls with no history of depression. These results provide important clinical context in caring for preadolescents with a history of depression.
Source: Psychosomatic Medicine - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research
ConclusionLong-term anti-obesity drugs did not show a benefit in lowering MACEs in overweight or obese subjects, although the drugs resulted in a decrease in body weight and improved cardiometabolic parameters.
Source: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Purpose of review Binge eating disorder (BED) is a new diagnosis in the Fifth Edition of the Diagnostic and Statistic Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) and the Eleventh Revision of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11). Recent findings DSM-5 BED is currently estimated to affect 1.5% of women and 0.3% of men worldwide; a lifetime diagnosis of DSM-5 BED is reported by 0.6–1.8% of women and 0.3–0.7% of men. In adolescence, BED is even more prevalent, but often transient. Many adults with BED report longstanding symptoms; less than half are recognized in healthcare. Commonly co-occurring...
Source: Current Opinion in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: EATING DISORDERS: Edited by Hans W. Hoek and Anna Keski-Rahkonen Source Type: research
Conclusions Almost 1 in 10 women and 1 in 20 men aged 18–69 years had IHD and/or stroke in Malawi. Several risk and protective factors were found that can be targeted in population health interventions.
Source: BMJ Open - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Open access, Cardiovascular medicine Source Type: research
In conclusion, cancer survivors, especially older individuals, demonstrate greater odds of and accelerated functional decline, suggesting that cancer and/or its treatment may alter aging trajectories. Linking Particulate Air Pollution and Dementia in a Small Region of the US It is fairly settled that evident particulate air pollution, such as daily exposure to smoke from wood-fueled cooking fires, has a strongly detrimental effect on long-term health. The mechanisms involved are inflamm...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Conclusions: Our findings suggest that male sex, psychiatric disorder history, and sleep difficulties are important predictors for nonfatal self-harm and suicide in postbariatric patients. High-risk patients who undergo surgery might require regular postoperative psychosocial monitoring to reduce the risk for future self-harm behaviors.
Source: Annals of Surgery - Category: Surgery Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewFood insecurity (FI) is a serious public health issue affecting 2 billion people worldwide. FI is associated with increased risk for multiple chronic diseases, including obesity, type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and mental health. We selected these four chronic diseases given their global prevalence and comorbid associations with each other. We evaluated the most recent literature published over the past 5 years and offer strategies for the screening of FI.Recent FindingsRecent systematic reviews and meta-analyses report an association between FI and obesity in adult women as well as adult ...
Source: Current Cardiovascular Risk Reports - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Although James Toussaint has never had COVID-19, the pandemic is taking a profound toll on his health. First, the 57-year-old lost his job delivering parts for a New Orleans auto dealership in spring 2020, when the local economy shut down. Then, he fell behind on his rent. Last month, Toussaint was forced out of his apartment when his landlord—who refused to accept federally funded rental assistance—found a loophole in the federal ban on evictions. Toussaint has recently had trouble controlling his blood pressure. Arthritis in his back and knees prevents him from lifting more than 20 pounds, a huge obstacle for...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized COVID-19 Source Type: news
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