Spatial distribution and cluster analysis of a leishmaniasis outbreak in the south-western Madrid region, Spain, September 2009 to April 2013.

Spatial distribution and cluster analysis of a leishmaniasis outbreak in the south-western Madrid region, Spain, September 2009 to April 2013. Euro Surveill. 2015;20(7) Authors: Gomez-Barroso D, Herrador Z, San Martin J, Gherasim A, Aguado M, Romero-Mate A, Molina L, Aparicio P, Benito A PMID: 25719963 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Euro Surveill - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

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ConclusionAccording to the results, whey supplementation significantly reduced the SBP, DBP, HDL, waist circumference, TG and FBS in intervention groups in comparing to control groups.
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 14 November 2019Source: Journal of Theoretical BiologyAuthor(s): Robert C. Cope, Joshua V. RossAbstractIn an outbreak of an emerging disease the epidemiological characteristics of the pathogen may be largely unknown. A key determinant of ability to control the outbreak is the relative timing of infectiousness and symptom onset. We provide a method for identifying this relationship with high accuracy based on data from simulated household-stratified symptom-onset data. Further, this can be achieved with observations taken on only a few specific days, chosen optimally, within each household...
Source: Journal of Theoretical Biology - Category: Biology Source Type: research
[Deutsche Welle] Authorities in the Democratic Republic of Congo have started using a second vaccine to fight Ebola. The country is struggling to contain what is now the world's second-worst outbreak of the deadly virus on record.
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - Category: African Health Source Type: news
(Ecole Polytechnique F é d é rale de Lausanne) A new EPFL and MIT study into the interplay between mobility and the 2013 and 2014 dengue outbreaks in Singapore has uncovered a legal void around access to mobile phone data -- information that can prove vital in preventing the spread of infectious diseases.
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
Authors: Ma DW, Lee MR, Hong SH, Cho SH, Lee SE Abstract Cryptosporidium parvum and Giardia duodenalis are the main diarrhea-causing parasitic pathogens; however, their prevalence in Korea is unknown. Here, we conducted a survey to determine the prevalence and genotype distribution of these 2 pathogens causing acute diarrhea in 8,571 patients hospitalized in 17 Regional Institute of Health Environment sites in Korea, during 2013-2016. C. parvum and G. duodenalis were detected and genotyped by nested PCR, and the isolate were molecularly characterized by sequencing the glycoprotein 60 (Gp60) and β-giardin genes...
Source: Korean Journal of Parasitology - Category: Parasitology Tags: Korean J Parasitol Source Type: research
Authors: Lee YH, Seo DS, Lee MJ, Cha HG Abstract Polyhexamethylene guanidine hydrochloride (PHMG-HCl), an antimicrobial additive in humidifier disinfectants, was associated with the pulmonary disease outbreak in South Korea. However, PHMG-mediated oxidative stress has only been studied in vitro. Here, we evaluated PHMG-induced oxidative stress in the lungs of rats exposed to PHMG-HCl. Male F344 rats were exposed to different concentrations of PHMG-HCl for 13-weeks via whole-body inhalation. Histopathological examination of the exposed rats showed the presence of lung lesions, including alveolar/interstitial fibrosi...
Source: Journal of Toxicologic Pathology - Category: Toxicology Tags: J Toxicol Pathol Source Type: research
AbstractIn Xayaboury province, located in the northern region of Lao PDR, the foot and mouth disease (FMD) vaccination campaign just began in 2009. Up until now, a small number of farms have been vaccinated. When FMD outbreaks occur, it is interesting to determine the risk factors of FMD, especially in the area where vaccination rates are low. The questionnaire survey, using a case-control design at the household level, was carried out. From 59 villages with a total number of 434 households, 181 households who experienced FMD were assigned as case households, 146 households without FMD occurrence inside the outbreak villag...
Source: Tropical Animal Health and Production - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
This study provides a better understanding of GP expression and processing in BmN cells, which may lay a foundation for EBOV-GP expression using the BmNPV baculovirus expression system.
Source: Viruses - Category: Virology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Authors: Maniero VC, Rangel PSC, Coelho LMC, Silva CSB, Aguiar RS, Lamas CC, Cardozo SV Abstract A progressive increase in the circulation of arboviruses in tropical countries has been observed, accounting for 700,000 yearly deaths in the world. The main objective of this article was to identify the presence of Zika (ZIKV), dengue (DENV), and Chikungunya (CHIKV) viruses in immature stages of Aedes aegypti and Ae. albopictus. Household collections of immature phases of the vectors were carried out in the years 2015 and 2016. A total of 2902 dwellings were visited and the rate of infestation with larvae and pupae of ...
Source: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research - Category: Research Tags: Braz J Med Biol Res Source Type: research
Yesterday was a dream come true at the Massachusetts State House for Philip Morris USA - the nation's largest domestic cigarette manufacturer. The Housevoted to approve a bill that bans the sale of all e-cigarettes except those with tobacco flavoring, bans the sale of menthol cigarettes, and imposes a 75% excise tax on all e-cigarettes. According to an article in theBoston Globe, the aim of the legislation is " to protect young people from the harmful effects of tobacco. "The Rest of the StoryIf the purpose of this legislation is to protect young people from the harmful effects of tobacco, then it is an utter fai...
Source: The Rest of the Story: Tobacco News Analysis and Commentary - Category: Addiction Source Type: blogs
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