Amphibian chytrid fungus reaches Madagascar

The chytrid fungus, which is fatal to amphibians, has been detected in Madagascar for the first time. This means that the chytridiomycosis pandemic has now reached a biodiversity hotspot. Researchers are therefore proposing an emergency plan. This includes monitoring the spread of the pathogenic fungus, building amphibian breeding stations and developing probiotic treatments, say the scientists.
Source: ScienceDaily Headlines - Category: Science Source Type: news

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In this study, we characterized the antiviral properties of the most promising compounds as well as investigated their propensity to induce drug resistance. Our results show that some of the selected compounds possess potent, broad-spectrum anti-influenza activity as they efficiently inhibited the replication of several strains of influenza A and B viruses, including an oseltamivir-resistant clinical isolate, with nanomolar or low-micromolar potency. The most promising compounds specifically inhibited the PA−PB1 binding in vitro and interfered with the influenza A virus polymerase activity in a cellular context, with...
Source: Antiviral Therapy - Category: Virology Source Type: research
[Monitor] Hoima -Communities in Hoima and Kikuube districts where commercially viable oil resources have been discovered are grappling with the HIV/Aids pandemic.
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - Category: African Health Source Type: news
Authors: Henry CJ Abstract We live in a world of paradoxes: one half of the world is overweight or obese with abundant access to food and the other half undernourished due to poor food access. It has been estimated that nearly 36% of children in Asia are stunted. Worldwide, approximately 1 in 4 children under the age of 5 years shows stunted growth, making the number of stunted children to 155 million; 52 million children under 5 years are wasted, of which 17 million are severely wasted. Given the wide-scale nature of global malnutrition and its long-term consequences, why has this scar in our consciousness not bei...
Source: Nestlee Nutrition Institute Workshop Series - Category: Nutrition Tags: Nestle Nutr Inst Workshop Ser Source Type: research
Publication date: June 2019Source: Phytochemistry, Volume 162Author(s): Slavica Matić, Emanuela Noris, Roberta Contin, Daniele Marian, Jeremy R. ThompsonAbstractA single-chain variable antibody fragment (scFv) library tested against the non-structural NSP5 protein of human rotavirus A was screened by a yeast two-hybrid system against three proteins derived from the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp) of cucumber mosaic virus (CMV), with the aim of blocking their function and preventing viral infection once expressed in planta. The constructs tested were (i) ‘2a’ consisting of the full-length 2a gene (839 amino...
Source: Phytochemistry - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
This strategy aims to protect people in all countries from the threat of influenza. The goal of the strategy is to prevent seasonal influenza, control the spread of influenza from animals to humans, and prepare for the next influenza pandemic.
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 12 March 2019Source: Veterinary MicrobiologyAuthor(s): Svenja Mamerow, Robert Scheffter, Susanne Röhrs, Olga Stech, Ulrike Blohm, Theresa Schwaiger, Charlotte Schröder, Reiner Ulrich, Jan Schinköthe, Martin Beer, Thomas C. Mettenleiter, Jürgen StechAbstractInfluenza A viruses (IAV) have caused seasonal epidemics and severe pandemics in humans. Novel pandemic strains as in 2009 may emerge from pigs, serving as perpetual virus reservoir. However, reliably effective vaccination has remained a key issue for humans and swine. Here, we generated a novel double-attenuated inf...
Source: Veterinary Microbiology - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
In conclusion, further development of the mH7 vaccine candidate is desirable. PMID: 30857635 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Vaccine - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Vaccine Source Type: research
Semin Reprod Med 2018; 36: 177-182 DOI: 10.1055/s-0038-1675779Since Barker's publication of “The fetal and infant origins of adult disease” in 1990, significant emphasis has been placed on the intrauterine environment and its effect on adult disease. Historical events such as the Dutch Famine and the 1918 Flu Pandemic have provided organic data about the epigenetic changes that can result from famine, infection, and stress. Mechanisms that allow for intrauterine survival may predispose to adult disease states when the fetus enters a world of abundance. As the field of in vitro fertilization (IVF) has developed ...
Source: Seminars in Reproductive Medicine - Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Tags: Review Article Source Type: research
Conclusionand recommendations: Diabetes mellitus shows significant correlation with physical inactivity, body mass index, blood pressure, age and sex. Findings in this study support the need for programs to promote employee health, to help prevent and monitor the enormity and temporal trends of these factor as well as asses the actions that are directed toward this population group.
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
The WHO said the question is not 'if we have another pandemic, but when'. A global strategy will attempt to reduce the number of deaths.
Source: the Mail online | Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
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