Large-scale study finds greater sedentary hours increases risk of obstructive sleep apnea

(Brigham and Women's Hospital) A new study by investigators from Brigham and Women's Hospital examined the relationship between active lifestyles and the risk of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA).
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

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Condition:   Pediatric Obstructive Sleep Apnea Intervention:   Sponsor:   Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) Recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
J Sleep Res. 2021 Sep 21:e13487. doi: 10.1111/jsr.13487. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTOur study's main purpose is to emphasise the significance of medical knowledge of pathophysiology before machine learning. We investigated whether combining domain knowledge with machine learning results might increase accuracy and minimise the number of bio-features used to detect obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). The present study analysed data on 36 self-reported symptoms and 24 clinical features obtained from 3,495 patients receiving polysomnography at a regional hospital and a medical centre. The area under the receiver operating chara...
Source: Journal of Sleep Research - Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) may lead to serious health, safety, and financial implications - including sleepiness-related crashes and incidents - in workers who perform safety-sensitive functions in the transportation industry. Evidence and expert consen...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Distraction, Fatigue, Chronobiology, Vigilance, Workload Source Type: news
Conditions:   OSA;   Opioid;   Adenotonsillectomy Intervention:   Drug: Fentanyl Citrate Sponsor:   Baylor College of Medicine Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
In conclusion, across three large clinical trials of participants with narcolepsy or obstructive sleep apnea, Epworth Sleepiness Scale scores demonstrated a robust acceptable level of test-retest reliability in evaluating treatment response over time.PMID:34545626 | DOI:10.1111/jsr.13476
Source: Journal of Sleep Research - Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
Exp Brain Res. 2021 Sep 21. doi: 10.1007/s00221-021-06225-2. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTObstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common respiratory disorder characterized by recurrent pharyngeal collapses during sleep leading to intermittent hypoxia and sleep disruption. Cognitive challenges and high risks of cognitive impairment, including Alzheimer's disease (AD), are closely associated with OSA. Currently, continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is widely used in the treatment of OSA. However, whether CPAP benefits cognitive functions in patients with OSA remains elusive. Here, we identified published studies through a ...
Source: Experimental Brain Research - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Source Type: research
Int Heart J. 2021 Sep 17. doi: 10.1536/ihj.21-219. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThis is the first study to evaluate directly visceral fat area (VFA) using a visceral fat (VF) meter by the abdominal bioelectrical impedance analysis (A-BIA) method in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) patients diagnosed with polysomnography (PSG). The purpose of this study is to clarify (1) whether VFA measurement using a VF meter by the A-BIA method is possible even in a private clinic without burdening patients and staff and (2) how much VFA affects OSA compared to body mass index (BMI). Even without a computed tomography scan, which is the go...
Source: International Heart Journal - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: research
Obstructive sleep apnea is a common sleep disorder with a high prevalence and often accompanied by significant snoring activity. To diagnose this condition, polysomnography is the standard method, where a neck microphone could be added to record tracheal sounds. These can then be used to study the characteristics of breathing, snoring or apnea. In addition cardiac sounds, also present in the acquired data, could be exploited to extract heart rate. The paper presents new algorithms for estimating heart rate from tracheal sounds, especially in very loud snoring environment. The advantage is that it is possible to reduce the ...
Source: IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering - Category: Biomedical Engineering Source Type: research
Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine, Ahead of Print.
Source: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine : JCSM - Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine, Ahead of Print.
Source: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine : JCSM - Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
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