Role of Urinary Beta 2 Microglobulin and Kidney Injury Molecule-1 in Predicting Kidney Function at One Year Following Acute Kidney Injury

Int J Nephrol Renovasc Dis. 2021 Jul 5;14:225-234. doi: 10.2147/IJNRD.S319933. eCollection 2021.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND: There is only limited information on the utility of urinary biomarkers in predicting long-term kidney function following acute kidney injury (AKI). The current study assessed whether urinary beta 2 microglobulin/creatinine (B2M/creat) and kidney injury molecule-1/creatinine (KIM-1/creat) ratios, measured in the early recovery phase of AKI, are predictive of kidney function at one year.METHODS: This is a prospective study done in a tertiary care centre in South India, from March 2017 to December 2018. Adult patients who survived an episode of AKI were followed up for one year (n=125). B2M/creat and KIM-1/creat ratio were measured at two weeks and three months following AKI.RESULTS: In the AKI survivors, the B2M/creat ratio at 2 weeks [18.3mg/g (IQR 2.3, 52.9)] and KIM-1/creat ratio [1.1 µg/g (IQR 0.5, 4.0) at two weeks were higher compared to healthy controls [B2M/creat ratio 0.35 mg/g (0.17,0.58) and KIM-1/creat ratio 0.40 µg/g (0.23,1.00); P=
Source: International Journal of Nephrology and Renovascular Disease - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Source Type: research

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