Predictors of Long-term Clinical Endpoints in Patients With Refractory Angina Coronary Heart Disease
Background Clinical outcomes in patients with refractory angina (RA) are poorly characterized and variably described. Using the Duke Database for Cardiovascular Disease (DDCD), we explored characteristics that drive clinical endpoints in patients with class II to IV angina stabilized on medical therapy. Methods and Results We explored clinical endpoints and associated costs of patients who underwent catheterization at Duke University Medical Center from 1997 to 2010 for evaluation of coronary artery disease (CAD) and were found to have advanced CAD ineligible for additional revascularization, and were clinically stable for a minimum of 60 days. Of 77 257 cardiac catheterizations performed, 1908 patients met entry criteria. The 3-year incidence of death; cardiac rehospitalization; and a composite of death, myocardial infarction, stroke, cardiac rehospitalization, and revascularization were 13.0%, 43.5%, and 52.2%, respectively. Predictors of mortality included age, ejection fraction (EF), low body mass index, multivessel CAD, low heart rate, diabetes, diastolic blood pressure, history of coronary artery bypass graft surgery, cigarette smoking, history of congestive heart failure (CHF), and race. Multivessel CAD, EF
We present a rare case of hemichorea associated with a hemorrhagic stroke in the contralateral striatum.
Antipsychotic medications are a vital part of controlling psychosis in schizophrenic patients. However, when those patients live in nursing facilities, we are obligated by CMS to undertake gradual dose reductions of antipsychotic medication if possible. Sometimes, these efforts are successful and sometimes they fail. Antipsychotic medications have many side effects, including sedation, diabetes, hyperlipidemia, weight gain, motor rigidity, impaired gait, and falls. Monitoring of blood glucose, lipids, and extrapyramidal symptoms is mandatory.
Management of diabetes in post-acute settings needs special considerations. Hypoglycemia in the skilled nursing and rehabilitation facilities can lead to readmissions and complications including falls. Current EHR care-sets may not make a distinction between hospital and post-acute settings regarding diabetes management. The current diabetes management care-set in the EHR of our large healthcare system includes checking the blood sugar QID/AC/HS (before breakfast, lunch and dinner, and bedtime).
Heart failure (HF) is a leading cause of mortality and hospital readmissions in the United States. A large proportion of these patients are readmitted from skilled nursing facilities (SNF). The implementation of quality initiatives, such as staff education, to recognize early measures of clinical instability could improve HF management at these facilities.
The geriatric population is at high risk of severe low blood glucose (LBG) events due to diminished homeostatic mechanisms, especially on hypoglycemic medications. Moderate to severe LBG events in these patients can contribute to behavior changes such as agitation, change in level of consciousness, disruption of sleep, instability and increased risk of myocardial infarction, stroke and falls. Rapid recognition and appropriate treatment and prevention of LBG and recurrences can reduce risk for hospitalization in the geriatric population.
Publication date: Available online 25 February 2020Source: Mutation Research/Genetic Toxicology and Environmental MutagenesisAuthor(s): Yu Gao, Ping Wang, Yinping Su, Zhaonan Wang, Lin Han, Jie Li, Yinghua Fu, Fengling Zhao, Quanfu Sun, Yumin Lyu
Authors: Lee YM, Park SH, Lee DH Abstract OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper is to propose a new hypothesis for the role of lipophilic chemical mixtures stored in adipose tissue in the development of dementia. Specifically, we present how the dynamics of these chemicals can explain the unexpected findings from the Action for Health in Diabetes (Look AHEAD) study, which failed to show long-term benefits of intentional weight loss on cognition, despite substantial improvements in many known risk factors for dementia. Moreover, we discuss how the role of obesity in the risk of dementia can change depending on the dynami...
Abstract BACKGROUND: Alpha-glucosidase inhibitors (AGI) reduce blood glucose levels and may thus prevent or delay type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and its associated complications in people at risk of developing of T2DM. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of AGI in people with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), impaired fasting blood glucose (IFG), moderately elevated glycosylated haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) or any combination of these. SEARCH METHODS: We searched CENTRAL, MEDLINE, Embase, ClinicalTrials.gov, the World Health Organization International Clinical Trials Registry Platform, and the reference lists ...
ConclusionsThis study confirms the high prevalence of CKD in patients with multiple comorbidities: T2D and CVD. It also provides estimates of the prevalence of CKD categories based on KDIGO 2012 classification for US adults with T2D.
Objective: Studies have shown that famine exposure during early life may increase the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD), hypertension, and diabetes during adulthood. We aimed to assess whether exposure to the Chinese famine (1959–1961) modifies the association between hypertension and CVD. Methods: We investigated data of 5772 adults born between 1954 and 1964 from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study. CVD was based on self-reported doctor's diagnosis of heart problems (heart attack, coronary heart disease, angina, congestive heart failure, or other heart problems) and stroke. Results: Overal...
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