Seasonal and Nonseasonal Longitudinal Variation of Immune Function
In conclusion, seasonality is an important environmental factor that influences immune responses, in addition to specific genetic and nongenetic host factors, and this may well explain the seasonal variation in the incidence and severity of immune-mediated diseases.PMID:34261668 | DOI:10.4049/jimmunol.2000133
CONCLUSIONS: Xyloglucan/gelose plus ORS was effective and safe in treating acute diarrhea in children. PMID: 33028102 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Conclusions: (1) Data at our center suggests at least a regional implementation gap in GBS screening and IAP. (2) The decline in the resistance rate ofE. coli for all antimicrobial substances might indicate that the reduction of prenatal antibiotics use is beneficial and that neonatal antibiotic stewardship programs should include pregnant women as well.What is Known:• GBS screening and intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis led to a 32%-reduction in GBS disease in Germany with a 0.75 (92:122) ratio of early-onset disease to late-onset disease in 2009–2010.• Prenatal antibiotic use might increase the risk of E....
This study investigated antibacterial-producing Streptomyces isolated from the gut of estuarine fish Chanos chanos, emphasizing screening for the producer of peptide-containing antibacterial compounds. Eighteen isolates were found during preliminary screening, in which four isolates showed the best antibacterial activities. Based on the morphological, physiological, and biochemical characterization, as well as 16S rRNA partial sequencing, all of the four isolates belonged to Streptomyces. Three isolates were suspected as novel isolate candidates based on homology presentations and phylogenetic tree analysis. Disk-diffusion...
Publication date: Available online 8 October 2020Source: Microbes and InfectionAuthor(s): Keisuke Nishioka, Michihito Kyo, Takaaki Nakaya, Nobuaki Shime
ConclusionsPatients on various solid tumour treatments achieve sero-protection rate congruent with the general population. The sero-protection HIA titres were not sustained at 24 weeks postvaccination.
Comparison of deaths from the coronavirus (COVID-19) with deaths from influenza (flu) and pneumonia. Includes deaths by date of death occurrence and breakdowns by sex and age.
CONCLUSIONS: Promoting asthma self-management education, influenza vaccinations, nebulizers, and spacers can decrease the frequency of healthcare utilization and asthma-related expenditures while improving medication adherence. PMID: 33031709 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Publication date: Available online 8 October 2020Source: LWTAuthor(s): Lanlin Yu, Su Zhang, Yuanyuan Xu, Xiaoyu Mi, Tong Xing, Jiaolong Li, Lin Zhang, Feng Gao, Yun Jiang
The objective of this work was to carry out a bibliographic survey of secondary metabolites isolated from the Velloziaceae family, creating a bank of compounds. After the bank was created, four prediction models for potentially active compounds against pathogenic microorganisms (Candida albicans, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Salmonella sp.) were obtained trying to identify which metabolites would be more active against the strains. Four sets of compounds with known activity for microorganisms were selected for the construction of predictive models from the CHEMBL database. Another bank with 163 unique molec...
Publication date: Available online 8 October 2020Source: Journal of Hazardous MaterialsAuthor(s): Xin Wen, Junchao Cao, Jiandui Mi, Jielan Huang, Jiadi Liang, Yan Wang, Baohua Ma, Yongde Zou, Xindi Liao, Juan Boo Liang, Yinbao Wu