Early Infection Trends for Primary Total Knee Arthroplasty: A 5-Year Review

J Knee Surg DOI: 10.1055/s-0041-1731736The aim of this study was to track the annual rates and trends of overall, deep, and superficial surgical site infections (SSIs) following total knee arthroplasty using the most recent results from a large and nationwide database. A total of 197,192 cases were performed between 2012 and 2016 from a nationwide database stratified into years and based on superficial and/or deep SSIs. Cohorts were analyzed individually and then combined to evaluate overall SSI rates. The infection incidence for each year was calculated. After a 6-year correlation and trends analysis, univariate analyses were performed to compare the most recent year, 2016, with each of the preceding 4 years. Overall, there was a downward trend in overall SSI rates over the study period (2012–2016, with the lowest rate occurring in the most recent year, 2016 [0.11%]). Additionally, there was a decreasing trend for superficial SSI, with the lowest superficial SSI incidence occurring in 2016 (0.47%) and the greatest incidence occurring in 2012 (0.53%). An overall trend of decreasing SSI rates was observed nationwide over the 5-year period evaluated. A similar decreasing trend was also noted specifically for deep SSI rates, which can be potentially more complicated to manage, and result in decreased implant survivorship. The down trending SSI rates observed give potential credence to the value for newer and developing SSI preventative therapies as well as improved medical...
Source: Journal of Knee Surgery - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

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CONCLUSION: Prevalence of antibiotic use was high not only versus other hospitals in the region but globally including Africa, coupled with significant evidence of sub-optimal prescribing. Swift action is needed to improve future prescribing to reduce AMR. One or two areas should initially be targeted for quality improvement including development of local guidelines, documentation of antibiotic indications and/or stop/review dates. PMID: 33034234 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Expert Review of Anti-Infective Therapy - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther Source Type: research
Authors: Rombauts A, Abelenda-Alonso G, Cuervo G, Gudiol C, Carratalà J Abstract INTRODUCTION: Despite adequate antibiotic coverage, community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) remains a leading cause of hospitalization and mortality worldwide. It induces both a local pulmonary and a systemic inflammatory response, particularly significant in severe cases. The intensity of the dysregulated host response varies from patient to patient and has a negative impact on survival and other outcomes. AREAS COVERED: This comprehensive review summarizes the pathophysiological aspects of the inflammatory response in CAP, brie...
Source: Expert Review of Anti-Infective Therapy - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther Source Type: research
Authors: Hammerschlag MR, Sharma R Abstract INTRODUCTION: Azithromycin was recommended as the first-line therapeutic regimen for treatment of genital infections in men and women by the Centers for Disease Control in 1998. A series of studies of azithromycin for treatment of rectal chlamydial infection in men who have sex with men (MSM) found that azithromycin was significantly less effective than doxycycline. AREAS COVERED: Literature on treatment of rectal C. trachomatis from 2000 through May 2020 was searched using PubMed. Retrospective and observational studies were identified documenting the frequency and t...
Source: Expert Review of Anti-Infective Therapy - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther Source Type: research
Authors: Reissier S, Cattoir V Abstract INTRODUCTION: Streptogramins (pristinamycin and quinupristin-dalfopristin) can be interesting options for the treatment of infections due to Gram-positive cocci, especially multidrug-resistant isolates. AREAS COVERED: This review provides an updated overview on structural and activity characteristics, mechanisms of action and resistance, pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic and clinical use of streptogramins. EXPERT OPINION: The streptogramin antibiotics act by inhibition of the bacterial protein synthesis. They are composed of two chemically distinct compounds, namely typ...
Source: Expert Review of Anti-Infective Therapy - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Hazardous Materials - Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Hazardous Materials - Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Hazardous Materials - Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Hazardous Materials - Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Hazardous Materials - Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Hazardous Materials - Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research
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