Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems (ENDS) Use and Pregnancy I: ENDS Use Behavior During Pregnancy

AbstractPurpose of ReviewThis review examines Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems (ENDS) use behavior during pregnancy, including the prevalence of and transitions in use during pregnancy.Recent FindingsTwenty-two papers addressed the prevalence of and/or transitions in ENDS use during pregnancy. Findings show a complex landscape of ENDS use. A minority (0.4 –7.0%) of pregnant persons use ENDS; most commonly this occurs in the form of dual use (ENDS and combustible cigarettes (CC); 75%). Many pregnant persons report using ENDS because they perceive them to be a lower-risk alternative and/or potential cessation aide for CC smoking. However, while a sub set of those who use ENDS do quit all tobacco product use during pregnancy, only a small proportion switch from exclusive CC smoking to exclusive ENDS use.SummaryENDS are a somewhat new addition to the tobacco product landscape. The perception of ENDS as a lower-risk alternative may contribute to ENDS use in pregnancy. There is insufficient evidence to support the notion that ENDS facilitates the cessation of tobacco product use during pregnancy.
Source: Current Addiction Reports - Category: Addiction Source Type: research

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ConclusionsInterpersonal relationships leave scope for public health interventions. It is worth enhancing criticism against smoking by specialists through information and education campaigns.Key messagesThe conducted research shows that actions aimed at raising awareness of the harmfulness of smoking in pregnancy have a positive effect.Interpersonal relationships leave scope for public health interventions.
Source: The European Journal of Public Health - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Contributors : Roberto Capell án ; Alejandro Higuera-MatasSeries Type : Expression profiling by high throughput sequencingOrganism : Rattus norvegicusSubstance use disorders are more prevalent in schizophrenia, worsening its course and prognosis. Here, we used a double-hit rat model, combining maternal immune activation (MIA) and peripubertal stress (PUS), to study cocaine addiction and the underlying neurobehavioral alterations. We injected lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or saline on gestational days 15 and 16 to pregnant rats. Their male offspring were then subjected to unpredictable stress during adolescence. When rats...
Source: GEO: Gene Expression Omnibus - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: Expression profiling by high throughput sequencing Rattus norvegicus Source Type: research
Med J Aust. 2021 Oct 4;215 Suppl 7:S3-S32. doi: 10.5694/mja2.51254.ABSTRACTOF RECOMMENDATIONS AND LEVELS OF EVIDENCE: Chapter 2: Screening and assessment for unhealthy alcohol use Screening Screening for unhealthy alcohol use and appropriate interventions should be implemented in general practice (Level A), hospitals (Level B), emergency departments and community health and welfare settings (Level C). Quantity-frequency measures can detect consumption that exceeds levels in the current Australian guidelines (Level B). The Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) is the most effective screening tool and is recommen...
Source: Australian Family Physician - Category: Primary Care Authors: Source Type: research
AbstractGlobal trends of increasing alcohol consumption among women of childbearing age, social acceptability of women ’s alcohol use, as well as recent changes in alcohol use patterns due to the COVID-19 pandemic may put many pregnancies at higher risk for prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE), which can cause fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD). Therefore, screening of pregnant women for alcohol use has become more important than ever and should be a public health priority. This narrative review presents the state of the science on various existing prenatal alcohol use screening strategies, including the clinical util...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - Category: Addiction Source Type: research
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