Association Between Acute Kidney Injury Duration and Outcomes in Critically Ill Children*

OBJECTIVES: Acute kidney injury occurs frequently in children during critical illness and is associated with increased morbidity, mortality, and health resource utilization. We aimed to examine the association between acute kidney injury duration and these outcomes. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. Settings: PICUs in Alberta, Canada. PATIENTS: All children admitted to PICUs in Alberta, Canada between January 1, 2015, and December 31, 2015. INTERVENTIONS: None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: In total, 1,017 children were included, and 308 (30.3%) developed acute kidney injury during PICU stay. Acute kidney injury was categorized based on duration to transient (48 hr or less) or persistent (more than 48 hr). Transient acute kidney injury occurred in 240 children (77.9%), whereas 68 children (22.1%) had persistent acute kidney injury. Persistent acute kidney injury had a higher proportion of stage 2 and stage 3 acute kidney injury compared with transient acute kidney injury and was more likely to start within 24 hours from PICU admission. Persistent acute kidney injury occurred more frequently in those with higher illness severity and in those admitted with shock, sepsis, or with a history of transplant. Mortality varied significantly according to acute kidney injury status: 1.8% of children with no acute kidney injury, 5.4% with transient acute kidney injury, and 17.6% with persistent acute kidney injury died during hospital stay (p
Source: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine - Category: Pediatrics Tags: Clinical Investigations Source Type: research