Deep learning plus CT helps predict abdominal surgery outcomes

A deep-learning model used with preoperative CT helps predict the complexit...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: Algorithm provides accurate segmentation of pancreas on CT CT, ultrasound provide chance for fatty liver disease screening AI abdominal fat analysis assesses cardiovascular risk AI can opportunistically screen for metabolic syndrome AI plus CT improves liver steatosis assessment
Source: Headlines - Category: Radiology Source Type: news

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This study aimed to investigate whether the relationship between early life famine exposure and adulthood NAFLD risk was mediated by cardiometabolic traits. Overall, 7,578 subjects aged 56.0 ± 3.7 years in the Dongfeng-Tongji cohort were included and classified into late-exposed (1952-1954), middle-exposed (1954-1956), early-childhood-exposed (1956-1958), fetal-exposed (1959-1961), and nonexposed (1962-1966, reference) group according to the birth year. NAFLD was diagnosed by experienced physicians via abdominal B-type ultrasound inspection. Mediation analysis was used to evaluate the mediating effects of cardiometa...
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - Category: Nutrition Authors: Source Type: research
World J Gastroenterol. 2021 Aug 7;27(29):4913-4928. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v27.i29.4913.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND: Liver diseases are associated with the excess formation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs), which induce tissue inflammation and oxidative damage. However, the trend of oxidative marker levels according to the steatosis grade in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is unclear.AIM: To compare serum AGE levels between participants with NAFLD accordingly to steatosis severity in the baseline ELSA-Brasil population.METHODS: In 305 individuals at baseline ELSA-Brasil, NAFLD-associated steatosis was classified by ult...
Source: World Journal of Gastroenterology : WJG - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusion The present study demonstrated an association between fibrosis and moderate to severe OSA, regardless of obesity.
Source: European Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Original Articles: Hepatology Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundData on nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in the Philippines are scarce. We aimed to compare the clinical and biochemical profiles of lean (BMI
Source: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
AbstractLiver fat is one of the main clinical features in chronic liver disease, and the number of fatty liver patients is increasing as the prevalence of obesity and metabolic syndrome increases globally. Noninvasive and quantitative assessment of liver fat content was made possible by recent technological advances. Attenuation coefficient (ATT) measurement is a noninvasive and quantitative liver fat measurement method used in clinical practice. The ATT value is significantly associated with histological steatosis grade. The diagnostic accuracy of ATT for histological steatosis grade is equivalent to controlled attenuatio...
Source: Journal of Medical Ultrasonics - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Can J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2021 Feb 17;2021:6613827. doi: 10.1155/2021/6613827. eCollection 2021.ABSTRACTNonalcoholic fatty liver disease is a condition defined by fat accumulation in hepatocytes not promoted by excessive alcohol consumption. It is highly prevalent and is strongly associated with insulin resistance, metabolic syndrome, and diabetes type II. Insulin resistance plays a crucial role in the multifactorial etiopathogenesis of this condition leading to accumulation of free fatty acids in the liver cells, thus causing lipotoxicity, inflammation, and fibrosis. In this review, we will focus on currently known pat...
Source: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Although CRP, a nonspecific marker of inflammation, was associated with metabolic syndrome in univariate analysis, this fact did not persist after adjustments. No other inflammatory biomarkers showed an association with metabolic syndrome in type 1 diabetes. The group with metabolic syndrome had a higher frequency of diabetes' complications and markedly increased FLI. FLI probably is more useful in detecting NAFLD than inflammatory biomarkers, but further prospective studies in individuals with type 1 diabetes, with abdominal ultrasound and FLI, are necessary to better support this hypothesis.PMID:33648923 | DO...
Source: European Cytokine Network - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Source Type: research
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