Kenya in rush to vaccinate 4m children as measles cases surge

WHO reports measles outbreaks in eight African countries amid huge fall-off in jabs during CovidKenya has restarted its vaccination programme in an effort to tackle the re-emergence of measles, which has surged in the country during the Covid restrictions.A 10-day campaign against highly contagious measles and rubella has begun to target 4 million children aged nine months to five years in 22 of Kenya ’s 47 counties where outbreaks are highest.Continue reading...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - Category: Science Authors: Tags: Global development Kenya MMR Vaccines and immunisation Health Society Africa World news World Health Organization Infectious diseases Science Source Type: news

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MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2021 Sep 3;70(35):1183-1190. doi: 10.15585/mmwr.mm7035a1.ABSTRACTThe Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) recommends that adolescents aged 11-12 years routinely receive tetanus, diphtheria, and acellular pertussis (Tdap); meningococcal conjugate (MenACWY); and human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccines. Catch-up vaccination is recommended for hepatitis B (HepB); hepatitis A (HepA); measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR); and varicella (VAR) vaccines for adolescents whose childhood vaccinations are not current. Adolescents are also recommended to receive a booster dose of MenACWY vaccine at age...
Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl... - Category: Epidemiology Authors: Source Type: research
AbstractVaccine hesitancy is defined as a delay in acceptance, or refusal, of vaccines, despite availability. It is a complex and context specific phenomenon and identified as a global health priority. The “Parent Attitudes about Childhood Vaccines” (PACV) questionnaire is a validated tool for identifying vaccine hesitancy. Our aim was to use the PACV to assess vaccine hesitancy and its relationship with reported non-vaccination in an Irish population, for the first time. Our participants were par ents or caregivers of children attending general pediatric clinics in a tertiary pediatric hospital in Dublin, Irel...
Source: European Journal of Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research
Vaccine uptake can greatly impact on the ability of a country or region to eliminate a disease, which could be detrimental to society if allowed free reign. A high vaccine coverage can produce herd immunity, which confers protection upon the unvaccinated individuals within the population. Although some countries take a voluntary approach to vaccination policies, other countries have mandatory vaccination for specific pathogens. There is a clear inverse correlation between vaccine uptake and incidence of disease and in many countries a trivalent vaccine against measles, mumps and rubella is included in the vaccination sched...
Source: Reviews in Medical Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Tags: VIROLOGY Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Our results indicate that there may be a protective effect of the MMR vaccine against SARS-CoV-2 in males but not females.PMID:34187707 | DOI:10.1016/j.vaccine.2021.06.045
Source: Vaccine - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: This report describes the speed of attenuation and the epidemiological situation. The speed of attenuation can be expected to rise. Therefore, additional vaccination every several years might be necessary to maintain a protection level if a disease is almost eliminated.PMID:34120763 | DOI:10.1016/j.vaccine.2021.05.040
Source: Vaccine - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Source Type: research
This report updates a previous report and describes progress toward rubella and CRS elimination in EUR during 2005-2019 (7). In 2000, estimated coverage with the first dose of a rubella-containing vaccine (RCV1) in EUR was 60%, and 621,039 rubella cases were reported (incidence = 716.9 per 1 million population). During 2005-2019, estimated regional coverage with RCV1 was 93%-95%, and in 2019, 31 (58%) countries achieved ≥95% coverage with the RCV1. During 2005-2019, approximately 38 million persons received an RCV during SIAs in 20 (37%) countries. Rubella incidence declined by>99%, from 234.9 cases per 1 million pop...
Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl... - Category: Epidemiology Authors: Source Type: research
AbstractMeasles (rubeola) is a highly contagious virus. Vaccination has nearly eradicated measles in the United States, yet sporadic outbreaks persist. Although the live-attenuated measles, mumps, rubella vaccine has not been found to cause fetal harm, pregnancy is considered a contraindication for the vaccine and contracting measles during pregnancy can have serious sequelae. Furthermore, lifelong immunity conferred by childhood vaccination is questionable as the vaccine's protection may wane during the childbearing years. Reluctance to vaccinate, orvaccine hesitancy, may leave a proportion of people of childbearing age u...
Source: Journal of Midwifery and Women's Health - Category: Midwifery Authors: Tags: Clinical Rounds Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Despite meeting/partially meeting only three out of four of PAHO's essential criteria for measles elimination status, there is no evidence that endemic measles transmission has been reestablished in Canada.PMID:34012339 | PMC:PMC8109285 | DOI:10.14745/ccdr.v47i03a05
Source: Can Commun Dis Rep - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Source Type: research
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