Cognitive therapy for moral injury in post-traumatic stress disorder - Murray H, Ehlers A.

Moral injury is the profound psychological distress that can arise following participating in, or witnessing, events that transgress an individual's morals and include harming, betraying, or failure to help others, or being subjected to such events, e.g. b...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

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ConclusionsThe results suggest that EC may only have an indirect effect on PTSD symptoms through negative PTC. Thus, decreasing negative PTC which are connected to centralized events might be a key element for PTSD treatment. Thereby, transforming the cognitions ’ valence to more positive and constructive forms could be crucial rather than mere decentralization. Although suppression effects limited causal inferences, they do not contradict the mediation and further indicate potential interactional terms and a transformation of EC.
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
This study evaluated whether Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy for Preventing Suicide Behavior (MBCT-S) effectively augmented treatment-as-usual enhanced for suicide prevention (eTAU). METHODS: From December 2013 through March 2018, ve...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
DiscussionThe study results will be definitive because both clinical and biological outcomes will be assessed and correlated. Issues such as the number needed for recruitment and improvement, use of sham acupuncture, choice of biological measure, and future research need will be discussed.Trial registrationClinicalTrials.govNCT02869646. Registered on 17 August 2016.
Source: Trials - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
CONCLUSION: Despite living and working in the same settings as their clients, the Friendship Bench LHWs show good mental health outcomes.PMID:34421051 | DOI:10.1353/hpu.2021.0152
Source: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Source Type: research
Behav Modif. 2021 Jul 22:1454455211033515. doi: 10.1177/01454455211033515. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTTo our knowledge, no studies on health conditions in U.S. military firefighters exist. Data and demographics from the Defense Medical Epidemiology Database were analyzed on several shared medical issues among military personnel and civilian firefighters. Descriptive statistics and Chi-Square goodness of fit tests were conducted to support study aims. Between 2001 and 2015, substantial incidence rate increases (per 10,000) of tinnitus, PTSD, insomnia, and OSA (2005-2015) were observed. Modest to large increases in depres...
Source: Behavior Modification - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionsBrief trauma-focused interventions are potentially effective in reducing symptoms of PTSD, depression and anxiety in police with CPTSD and PTSD. Further research is needed to establish whether additional CPTSD symptoms (affect dysregulation, self-perception and relational difficulties) are also reduced.
Source: Occupational Medicine - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
Prisoner’s insomnia prevalence, insomnia associated factors and interventions with sleep as an outcome: a review and narrative analysis Chris Griffiths, Farah Hina International Journal of Prisoner Health, Vol. ahead-of-print, No. ahead-of-print, pp.- Insomnia is highly prevalent in prisoners. The purpose of this paper is a review of research evidence on interventions with sleep as an outcome (2000 to 2020) and rates of insomnia prevalence and associated factors in prisons (2015 to 2020). An internet-based search used Medline, PubMed, PsycINFO (EBSCOhost), Embase, Web of Science and Scopus. Seven...
Source: International Journal of Prisoner Health - Category: Criminology Authors: Source Type: research
BACKGROUND: Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a distressing and disabling condition that affects significant numbers of children and adolescents. Youth exposed to multiple traumas (eg, abuse, domestic violence) are at particular risk of developing P...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
Int J Prison Health. 2021 Jul 6;ahead-of-print(ahead-of-print). doi: 10.1108/IJPH-01-2021-0014.ABSTRACTPURPOSE: Insomnia is highly prevalent in prisoners. The purpose of this paper is a review of research evidence on interventions with sleep as an outcome (2000 to 2020) and rates of insomnia prevalence and associated factors in prisons (2015 to 2020).DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: An internet-based search used Medline, PubMed, PsycINFO (EBSCOhost), Embase, Web of Science and Scopus. Seven interventions and eight sleep prevalence or sleep-associated factor papers were identified.FINDINGS: Intervention research was very limite...
Source: International Journal of Prisoner Health - Category: Criminology Authors: Source Type: research
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