Food Insecurity and its Impact on Body Weight, Type 2 Diabetes, Cardiovascular Disease, and Mental Health

AbstractPurpose of ReviewFood insecurity (FI) is a serious public health issue affecting 2 billion people worldwide. FI is associated with increased risk for multiple chronic diseases, including obesity, type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and mental health. We selected these four chronic diseases given their global prevalence and comorbid associations with each other. We evaluated the most recent literature published over the past 5 years and offer strategies for the screening of FI.Recent FindingsRecent systematic reviews and meta-analyses report an association between FI and obesity in adult women as well as adult men and women living in low- and middle-income countries. Gender differences also were observed between FI and type 2 diabetes, such that adult women showed an increased risk for type 2 diabetes. This association was influenced by social determinants of health. Very low food security (i.e., high FI) was associated with increased risk for cardiovascular disease and a higher risk for cardiovascular disease mortality. Finally, several studies showed an association between FI and adverse mental health outcomes, including increased risk for stress, depression, anxiety, sleep disorders, and suicidal ideation.SummaryFI and its negative association with body weight, type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and mental health provide a compelling rationale for identification of FI in clinical settings. Brief, well-validated screening measures are available in multiple...
Source: Current Cardiovascular Risk Reports - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

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Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery - Category: Science Source Type: video
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Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news
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Source: JPO Journal of Prosthetics and Orthotics - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: CME ARTICLES Source Type: research
Conclusions This case study suggests that the new prosthesis provides removable and adaptable component; further, it delivers a comfortable sitting experience because of its new socket design and knee joint flexion. Clinical Relevance Patient satisfaction is better with TF prosthesis than with orthoprosthesis. TF prosthesis is more cosmetic than orthoprosthesis, provides a symmetrical gait pattern, decreases donning and doffing durations, and there is no uncomfortable protrusion when sitting (due to amputation of the foot and leg part).
Source: JPO Journal of Prosthetics and Orthotics - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: CASE REPORTS Source Type: research
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Source: Psychiatr News - Category: Psychiatry Tags: advocacy APA lobbying psychologists prescribing Saul Levin VA veterans Source Type: research
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Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Antipsychotic Inside Schizophrenia Mental Health and Wellness Psychiatry Psychology Psychotherapy Bipolar disorder and schizophrenia comorbid comorbid psychiatric conditions Comorbidities Comorbidity Diagnosis Of Schizophrenia Livi Source Type: blogs
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Source: Science - The Huffington Post - Category: Science Source Type: news
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