Africa: WHO Releases New Global Lists of High-Burden Countries for TB, HIV-Associated TB and Drug-Resistant TB
[WHO] The World Health Organization (WHO) today released updated global lists of high burden countries for tuberculosis (TB), HIV-associated TB and multidrug/rifampicin-resistant TB (MDR/RR-TB). The new lists are for 2021-2025 and replace those previously used between 2016 and 2020.
Conclusion: Significant barriers are faced by women in accessing TB care in rural districts of Pakistan. Program implementers in high burden countries should shift towards improved gender-responsive TB programming.
This article gives an overview of incidence, risk factors, clinical manifestations, assessment, screening, treatment, and prevention of syphilis.
CONCLUSIONS Our results confirm that bone conduction hearing aids provide an effective method of auditory rehabilitation for children with conductive and mixed hearing loss caused by microtia and atresia. Using bone conduction hearing aids in such children is crucial for proper hearing, speech, and language development.PMID:34561413 | DOI:10.12659/MSM.933915
In this study, the researchers searched five international databases of Medline/PubMed, Embase, Scopus, ISI/web of knowledge, and Google Scholar. Search keywords included two categories noise and noise pollution, cardiovascular disease, and hypertension. The Joanna Briggs Institute checklist was used to review and control the quality of the articles. After all screening stage 139 articles entered the final analysis. The results show that except for East African environmental studies and workplace studies in East Asia, Western Asia, and Northern Europe, there was a significant association between noise exposure and cardiova...
[Capital FM] Nairobi -- The Kenya Red Cross Society (KRCS) has kicked off a Sh7.5 billion to accelerate the country's response to HIV.
Muhannad A Alnahdi, Abdulelah A Alasiri, Tariq M AldebasiMiddle East African Journal of Ophthalmology 2021 28(2):140-142 Ocular tuberculosis (TB) is one of the extrapulmonary manifestations of mycobacterium TB. Episcleritis is a rare entity that may affect patients in endemic areas of TB. In this paper, we report a case of presumed recurrent episcleritis attributed to TB. TB should be kept as a possible cause of recurrent simple episcleritis upon encountering patients with endemic backgrounds to prevent the complication sequalae and halt recurrence.
Methamphetamine use in adults aged 18 to 64 years increased 43% between 2015 and 2019, astudy in JAMA Psychiatry has found. The study also found that overdose deaths involving psychostimulants other than cocaine, mostly methamphetamine, increased 180% during the same period.Beth Han, M.D., Ph.D., M.P.H., of the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) and colleagues examined data from 195,711 people who responded to the annual National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) between 2015 and 2019. The NSDUH, published by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, is a comprehensive survey of approximately ...
This article was originally published by OpenGlobalRights
Conclusion: Children in orphanage A came to us at a younger age, in more advanced stage of disease, and were more malnourished. Orphanage A was started on ART earlier in life. The prevalence of TB was higher in orphanage A prior to ART. MDR-TB was seen in both orphanages, with prevalence ranging from 3.5% to 5.5%.
Conclusion: Younger children are more likely to develop TB within a year of presentation whereas those who were near the adolescent age group were more likely to develop TB after 3 years of diagnosis of HIV. Thus, role of IPT in adolescents for 3 years at the time of diagnosis may not be useful as they tend to develop TB later on whereas IPT may be useful in the younger age group. With high incidence of MDR-TB, role of IPT in HIV-infected children in India needs to be re-assessed.