Childhood trauma and suicidality in bipolar disorder: The mediatory role of impulsivity

This study aimed to explore potential mediatory effects of impulsivity in the pathway from CT to suicidality in BD. CT was assessed with the Early Trauma Inventory Self Report-Short Form (ETI-SR-SF), impulsivity with the Barratt Impulsivity Scale-11 (BIS-11) while lifetime suicidality was investigated with the Suicidal Behaviors Questionnaire-Revised (SBQ-R). The effect of childhood trauma on suicidality and impulsivity as well as the effect of impulsivity on suicidality were examined with multiple linear regressions, including gender, age and diagnosis (BD-I, BD-II) as covariates. Structural equation models were built and path analyses were performed (with AMOS 25 software and using bootstrapping in 1000 samples) for the examination of the mediatory role of BIS-11 and its subtypes in the effect of childhood trauma and its subtypes on suicidality. We included 78 BD euthymic patients (60.3% female, 67.9% BD-I). ETI-SR-SF significantly predicted SBQ-R (p=0.004) and BIS-11 (p
Source: Psychiatriki - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Source Type: research

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OBJECTIVE: Mortality is increased in bipolar disorder due to both suicide and death by physical disorders, but it has never been investigated whether these mortalities translate into relatives to patients with bipolar disorder. The aim was to present the l...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
This study was the first to examine the feasibility and acceptability of a 12-week social rhythm therapy (SRT) delivered predominantly via tel...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
BACKGROUND: Clozapine is the only treatment with regulatory-recognition of lowering suicidal risk, at least in schizophrenia patients. It remains uncertain whether such effects extend to other drugs for psychosis. METHODS: We searched for reports o...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news
CONCLUSIONS: These preliminary results indicate that SRT delivered largely by telemedicine is feasible and acceptable. The intervention appeared to reduce mood symptoms, and suicide propensity independent of mood symptoms, among adolescents and young adults with bipolar disorder.PMID:34293928 | DOI:10.1176/appi.psychotherapy.20210011
Source: American Journal of Psychotherapy - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Source Type: research
In this study, we applied temperament and character inventory (TCI), Barratt impulsiveness scale 11 (BIS-11), PEBL simple reaction time (SRT) test, continuous performance task (CPT), and Iowa gambling task (IGT) to seek for variables linked with attempted suicide in bipolar affective disorder group (n = 60; attempters n = 17). The main findings were: strong correlations between self-report tool scores and objective parameters in CPT; the difference between attempters and non-attempters was found in the number of correctly responded trials in IGT; only one parameter differed between attempters and non-attempters in BPI diag...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
This study aimed to compare the risk of serious medical events, defined as those resulting in hospitalisation or death, among patients with depression who received electroconvulsive therapy versus patients who did not receive electroconvulsive therapy.METHODS: This was a propensity score-matched, retrospective cohort study using linked population-based administrative health data for adults admitted to designated psychiatric facilities in Ontario, Canada, for more than 3 days with depression between April 1, 2007, to Feb 28, 2017. Electroconvulsive therapy exposure was defined as one or more physician billing procedure code...
Source: Pain Physician - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Source Type: research
Rev Med Interne. 2021 Jul 10:S0248-8663(21)00551-8. doi: 10.1016/j.revmed.2021.06.012. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTTreatments for depression include an adapted lifestyle, physical activity, psychotherapies, antidepressant and mood stabilizing drugs, neuromodulation, chronotherapy, spa treatments. Drug treatments used for major depressive episode are antidepressants and mood stabilizers. For a mild episode, psychotherapy is indicated. It should be combined with an antidepressant (serotonin reuptake inhibitor) for moderate and severe episodes. Suicide risk assessment is essential throughout the depressive episode. It is re...
Source: Revue de Medecine Interne - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
(University of Iowa Health Care) A new study shows that individuals with bipolar disorder who are exposed to significant trauma may be at greater risk for suicide death, suggesting that a diagnosis of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) or genetic predisposition to PTSD could be important factors in suicide prevention.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
Translational Psychiatry, Published online: 07 July 2021; doi:10.1038/s41398-021-01500-wAssessment of suicide attempt and death in bipolar affective disorder: a combined clinical and genetic approach
Source: Translational Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Source Type: research
OBJECTIVE: to know the prevalence and characteristics of pain, to verify how pain management has been carried out by the health services, and to correlate suicide risk with pain intensity in patients with bipolar disorder. METHOD: an observational ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Risk Factor Prevalence, Injury Occurrence Source Type: news
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