Obesity and Hypertension in School Children of Puerto Rico

CONCLUSION: About 1 of every 4 children in the sample was obese; about 1 of 10 was hypertensive. Obese children were at a significantly higher risk for hypertension than non-obese children were. The study indicates the need for public health strategies that promote prevention and parental education to reduce the prevalence of obesity and the sequelae of hypertension.PMID:33876918
Source: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Source Type: research

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CONCLUSION: The interaction of the T allele of the rs4721 polymorphism in RARRES2 with CVRFs may predispose carriers to a higher cardiovascular risk.PMID:34336137 | PMC:PMC8310885
Source: International Journal of Molecular Epidemiology and Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Source Type: research
Int Heart J. 2021;62(4):837-842. doi: 10.1536/ihj.20-654.ABSTRACTChronic inflammation due to abdominal obesity plays a major role in the development of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Gender differences are well characterized in the development of CVD; however, in the association among abdominal obesity, chronic inflammation, and preclinical atherosclerosis, gender differences in the general population remain to be clarified. We retrospectively analyzed 1,163 subjects who underwent voluntary health checkups at our institute. We defined carotid artery plaque formation as carotid intima-media thickness ≥ 1.1 mm. Multiple re...
Source: International Heart Journal - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: research
MAGMA. 2021 Aug 2. doi: 10.1007/s10334-021-00946-9. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND: There is increasing appreciation of the association of obesity beyond co-morbidities, such as cancers, Type 2 diabetes, hypertension, and stroke to also impact upon the muscle to give rise to sarcopenic obesity. Phenotypic knowledge of obesity is crucial for profiling and management of obesity, as different fat-subcutaneous adipose tissue depots (SAT) and visceral adipose tissue depots (VAT) have various degrees of influence on metabolic syndrome and morbidities. Manual segmentation is time consuming and laborious. Study focuses o...
Source: Magma - Category: Radiology Authors: Source Type: research
by Yu-Yen Chen, Hsin-Hua Chen, Tzu-Chen Lo, Pesus Chou ObjectiveTo evaluate whether the risk of subsequent psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis development is increased in patients with uveitis. MethodsIn Taiwan ’s national health insurance research database, we identified 195,125 patients with new-onset uveitis between 2001 and 2013. We randomly selected 390,250 individuals without uveitis who were matched 2:1 to uveitis cases based on age, sex and year of enrolment. The characteristics of the two groups were compared. Using multivariate Cox regression, hazard ratios (HRs) for psoriasis or psoriatic arthritis correspon...
Source: PLoS One - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundThere is increasing appreciation of the association of obesity  beyond co-morbidities, such as cancers, Type 2 diabetes, hypertension, and stroke to also impact upon the muscle to give rise to sarcopenic obesity. Phenotypic knowledge of obesity is crucial for profiling and management of obesity, as different fat—subcutaneous adipose tissue depots (SAT) and v isceral adipose tissue depots (VAT) have various degrees of influence on metabolic syndrome and morbidities. Manual segmentation is time consuming and laborious. Study focuses on the development of a deep learning-based, complete data proce...
Source: Magnetic Resonance Materials in Physics, Biology and Medicine - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: We speculate that the rise in Adpn/Lep, due to increased adiponectin and reduced leptin, is a compensatory response to systemic inflammation. In patients with worse cardiometabolic health (e.g. diabetes, hypertension) this mechanism might be blunted, possibly contributing to higher mortality.PMID:34333093 | DOI:10.1016/j.diabet.2021.101268
Source: Diabetes and Metabolism - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Source Type: research
Obesity, insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and hypertension (HTN) are common that are associated with low-grade systemic inflammation. Diet, genetic factors, inflammation, and immunocytes and...
Source: Lipids in Health and Disease - Category: Lipidology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
Surg Obes Relat Dis. 2021 Jul 7:S1550-7289(21)00334-8. doi: 10.1016/j.soard.2021.06.021. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND: The effects of preoperative weight loss on bariatric surgery outcomes are still unclear, despite the practice being adopted by bariatric centers worldwide. Ongoing studies are needed for routine adoption of this practice given the multiple issues patients face with following difficult preoperative weight loss protocols.OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to characterize the prevalence of preoperative weight loss and evaluate its impact on outcomes following elective bariatric surgery.SETTING:...
Source: Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases : official journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Source Type: research
Clin Chim Acta. 2021 Jul 28:S0009-8981(21)00264-3. doi: 10.1016/j.cca.2021.07.024. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTAtherosclerosis constitutes the pathological basis of life-threatening events, including heart attack and stroke. Midkine is a heparin-binding growth factor and forms a small protein family with pleiotrophin. Under inflammatory or hypoxic conditions, midkine expression is up-regulated. Upon binding to its receptors, midkine can activate multiple signal pathways to regulate cell survival and migration, epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition, and oncogenesis. Circulating midkine levels are significantly increased in...
Source: International Journal of Clinical Chemistry - Category: Chemistry Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionsContinuous flow related to LVAD seems to not worsen endothelial function. Endothelial function was not affected by cardiovascular risk factors (hypertension, hypercholesterolaemia, diabetes, obesity, and tobacco habit), by the functional status expressed by New York Heart Association class, by the left ventricular systolic function and by the presence or absence of ischaemic heart disease in all the populations analysed. CRP was the only factor able to influence percentage of FMD change in patient with LVAD, reinforcing the hypothesis that inflammation is the main determinant of endothelial function.
Source: ESC Heart Failure - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research
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