New Obesity Target? Dopamine Circuit in Brainstem Affects Satiety New Obesity Target? Dopamine Circuit in Brainstem Affects Satiety

A newly identified dopaminergic neural circuit in the hindbrain plays a role in satiety, a mouse study found, which methylphenidate, approved for ADHD, but which also causes appetite loss, acts on.Medscape Medical News
Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Diabetes & Endocrinology News Source Type: news

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World Psychiatry. 2021 Oct;20(3):417-436. doi: 10.1002/wps.20894.ABSTRACTDecades of research have revealed numerous risk factors for mental disorders beyond genetics, but their consistency and magnitude remain uncer-tain. We conducted a "meta-umbrella" systematic synthesis of umbrella reviews, which are systematic reviews of meta-analyses of individual studies, by searching international databases from inception to January 1, 2021. We included umbrella reviews on non-purely genetic risk or protective factors for any ICD/DSM mental disorders, applying an established classification of the credibility of the evidenc...
Source: World Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Source Type: research
Am Fam Physician. 2021 Aug 1;104(2):141-151.ABSTRACTApproximately 19 million students attend college in the United States. Although they are generally healthy, about 20% of youth have special health care needs, including asthma, diabetes mellitus, and learning, mental health, and substance use disorders. Physicians can facilitate the transition of a youth to an adult model of health care by using structured processes to orient the youth to self-care before entry into college. Stimulant medications are effective for treatment of students with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, but physicians should monitor for signs ...
Source: American Family Physician - Category: Primary Care Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionsOur results indicate that obesity causally affects a wide range of traits and comorbid diseases, thus providing an overview of the metabolic, physiological, and neuropsychiatric impact of obesity on human health.
Source: Human Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
In the span of a few years, the component of cannabis called CBD (cannabidiol) went from being a relatively obscure molecule to a healthcare fad that has swept the world, spawning billions in sales, millions of users, CBD workout clothing, pillowcases, hamburgers, ice cream — you name it. The concerns of such a rapid adoption are that enthusiasm might be soaring high above the actual science, and that there are safety issues, such as drug interactions, that are given short shrift in the enthusiasm to treat chronic pain, insomnia, anxiety, and many of the other conditions that CBD is believed to help alleviate. Cannab...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Complementary and alternative medicine Drugs and Supplements Fatigue Marijuana Pain Management Source Type: blogs
Individuals with a history mental illness are more likely to show signs of aging by age 45 —including cognitive decline and loss of motor coordination—than are people without such a history, according to areport published today inJAMA Psychiatry.This remained true even after controlling for a host of other factors that might explain early aging, such as poor health in childhood; being overweight; smoking; or a history of cancer, diabetes, or heart attack.“In this cohort study, a history of psychopathology was associated with accelerated aging at midlife, years before the typical onset of age-related disea...
Source: Psychiatr News - Category: Psychiatry Tags: accelerated aging ADHD balance cognitive function depression hearing JAMA Psychiatry mental illness middle age schizophrenia vision Source Type: research
Fight Aging! publishes news and commentary relevant to the goal of ending all age-related disease, to be achieved by bringing the mechanisms of aging under the control of modern medicine. This weekly newsletter is sent to thousands of interested subscribers. To subscribe or unsubscribe from the newsletter, please visit: https://www.fightaging.org/newsletter/ Longevity Industry Consulting Services Reason, the founder of Fight Aging! and Repair Biotechnologies, offers strategic consulting services to investors, entrepreneurs, and others interested in the longevity industry and its complexities. To find out m...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
By Emma Young We all know that too little sleep is bad for us. Matthew Walker, a UC Berkeley sleep scientist and author of the best-selling Why We Sleep, has gone so far as to declare: “The shorter you sleep, the shorter your life.” However, some researchers fear that our concerns about not getting enough sleep are becoming overblown — and that, ironically, they could be making the problem worse. In this feature, we take a look at evidence that “too little” sleep isn’t always the disaster that it’s held up to be. It’s not always about a lack of sleep You’ll be fami...
Source: BPS RESEARCH DIGEST - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Feature Sleep and dreaming Source Type: blogs
Many parents blame sugar for their children ’s hyperactive behavior. But the myth has been debunked.
Source: NYT Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Sugar Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Obesity Weight Parenting Diabetes Source Type: news
AbstractPurpose of ReviewTo present current data on the coexistence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and the metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes mellitus in adults and children and to discuss possible mechanisms.Recent FindingsEmerging data suggest that risk factors for obesity and insulin resistance such as diabetes during pregnancy and intrauterine growth failure may also have a role in the development of ADHD. Furthermore, ADHD and obesity share lifestyle factors, such as abnormal eating patterns, binge eating, and a sedentary lifestyle. ADHD is a risk factor for components of the metabolic syndrome...
Source: Current Diabetes Reports - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
In a world of social companion robots, chatbots, or artificial intelligence buddies, adults have the responsibility to teach kids well how to live a healthy life with the available technologies, how to balance between the online and the offline world, how to keep their mental stability in the face of innovations. As it’s an awfully difficult job, we collected examples where digital health technology could help and in which areas should analog methods prevail. The land where kindergarteners play with the texture of raspberry When was the last time you paid attention to the crunching sounds while eating a raw ca...
Source: The Medical Futurist - Category: Information Technology Authors: Tags: Future of Medicine Health Sensors & Trackers apps children cognitive health digital health digital literacy eating fitness health apps health literacy healthy eating healthy lifestyle Innovation kids mental health physical Source Type: blogs
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