Inadvertent arterial puncture involving the subclavian artery and the aorta during central venous catheterization: a case report

ConclusionUtilization of real-time ultrasound guidance via the subclavian approach could have allowed for direct visualization of needle insertion to the anatomical structures, guidewire location, and directionality, all of which can lead to decreased complications and improved cannulation success compared with the landmark technique. A leftward direction of the catheter seen on postprocedural X-rays should raise high suspicion of inadvertent catheter placement and immediate correction. This complication should have been prevented if ultrasound guidance had been used.
Source: Journal of Medical Case Reports - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

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Curr Drug Deliv. 2021 Jul 20. doi: 10.2174/1567201818666210720145706. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTDiabetes mellitus is found to be among the most suffered and lethal diseases for mankind. Diabetes mellitus type-1 is caused by the demolition of pancreatic islets responsible for the secretion of insulin. Insulin is the peptide hormone (anabolic] that regulates the metabolism of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins. Upon the breakdown of the natural process of metabolism, the condition leads to hyperglycemia (increased blood glucose levels]. Hyperglycemia demands outsourcing of insulin. The subcutaneous route was found to be t...
Source: Current Drug Delivery - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Source Type: research
AbstractPurposePatients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) receiving insulin therapy commonly suffer from insulin-mediated hypoglycemia and require glucagon for glycemic control to achieve normal plasma glucose (PG) levels. Severe hypoglycemia will endanger the life of patients and require intervention. Stable glucagon analog dasiglucagon was approved for the treatment of patients with severe hypoglycemia and is administered via Zegalogue autoinjector/Zegalogue prefilled syringe.  The main purpose of this review article is to review the basic properties and clinical effects of dasiglucagon.MethodWe search related li...
Source: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
ConclusionStent graft implantation for the treatment of common iliac artery pseudoaneurysm as a complication of simultaneous pancreas –kidney transplantation is a safe and feasible procedure.
Source: Journal of Medical Case Reports - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Conclusion: This is the first case report on the ineffectiveness of triple immunosuppressant combination therapy recommended by the guidelines for immune-related hepatotoxicity. It is necessary to develop more appropriate treatment for severe sclerosing cholangitis-like irAE based on the robust evidence.
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research
Conclusion: This unique case highlights an uncommon but critical consequence of uncontrolled DM. It brings forth the possibility of severe HTG presenting as a complication of uncontrolled type-2 DM. Severe HTG commonly presents with acute pancreatitis, which can be debilitating if not managed promptly. Most patients with this presentation are managed with insulin infusion. The use of plasmapheresis for management of severe HTG has not been well studied. Our case supports the use of plasmapheresis as an effective and rapid treatment for severe HTG.
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research
bal Qingyou Liu In humans, various sites like cannabinoid receptors (CBR) having a binding affinity with cannabinoids are distributed on the surface of different cell types, where endocannabinoids (ECs) and derivatives of fatty acid can bind. The binding of these substance(s) triggers the activation of specific receptors required for various physiological functions, including pain sensation, memory, and appetite. The ECs and CBR perform multiple functions via the cannabinoid receptor 1 (CB1); cannabinoid receptor 2 (CB2), having a key effect in restraining neurotransmitters and the arrangement of cytokines. The role ...
Source: Molecules - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
ConclusionFamilial Mediterranean Fever could be associated with other autoimmune diseases such as Ankylosing Spondylitis, Rheumatoid Arthritis, Polyarteritis Nodosa, Behcet disease, Systemic Lupus, Henoch-Sch önlein Purpura, and Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis. Association of type 1 Diabetes Mellitus and Familial Mediterranean Fever has been newly reported in the medical literature, this is the third association of these two diseases described in the medical literature so far.
Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research
The patient was a 31-year-old man with a history of uncontrolled type 1 diabetes mellitus and recent hospitalization for Fournier ’s gangrene, requiring surgical debridement and antibiotic treatment via a central venous catheter. He presented to the emergency department with acutely worsening right shoulder and clavicle pain 4 days after a ground-level fall. The patient was ultimately found to be in septic shock due to persi stent methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia.
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Medical Imagery Source Type: research
Chest. 2021 Mar;159(3):e141-e145. doi: 10.1016/j.chest.2020.09.261.ABSTRACTA 51-year-old woman with a medical history of poorly controlled type 1 diabetes mellitus, hyperthyroidism, and tobacco abuse was admitted to the hospital with persistent nausea, vomiting, abdominal discomfort, dry cough, rhinorrhea, and sore throat. She denied fevers, chills, rigors, shortness of breath, hemoptysis, nasal congestion, postnasal drip, and facial pain. She denied any sick contacts, and there was no recent travel outside of Chicago.PMID:33678281 | DOI:10.1016/j.chest.2020.09.261
Source: Chest - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
SummaryStereotactic ablative radiotherapy offers a radical treatment approach for early stage lung cancers and an aggressive local therapy for pulmonary oligometastases from other tumour sites. Chest wall toxicity is one of the key dose ‐limiting toxicities for intrathoracic stereotactic treatments. The description of stereotactic radiotherapy chest wall toxicity using functional imaging has not been reported previously. A 56‐year‐old male received 60 Gy in 8 fractions delivered by volumetric modulated arc therapy for a T1bN0 M0 clinical left upper lobe lung cancer. The past medical history included poorly controlled...
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Medical Imaging —Radiation Oncology—Case Letter Source Type: research
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