Shoulder Pain Can Plague Wheelchair Users, But Their Own Fat Cells Could Be Cure

WEDNESDAY, May 26, 2021 -- People with spinal cord injuries can overwork their shoulders as they move about in a wheelchair, and that often leads to chronic shoulder pain. However, a small study suggests that an injection of the patient's own fat...
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - Category: General Medicine Source Type: news

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Abstract Gut inflammation or injury causes intestinal hypersensitivity (IHS) and hyperalgesia, which can persist after the initiating pathology resolves, are often referred to somatic regions and exacerbated by psychological stress, anxiety or depression, suggesting the involvement of both the spinal cord and the brain. The supraspinal mechanisms of IHS remain to be fully elucidated, however, over the last decades the series of intestinal pathology-associated neuroplastic changes in the brain has been revealed, being potentially responsible for the phenomenon. This paper reviews current clinical and experimental d...
Source: Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology - Category: Cytology Authors: Tags: Cell Mol Neurobiol Source Type: research
Authors: Liao YX, He SS, He ZM Abstract Transient paralysis following spinal decompression surgery is a rare but devastating postoperative complication. Spinal cord ischemia-reperfusion injury has been identified as one of the crucial pathogenic factors contributing to the sudden neurological deterioration associated with spinal decompression surgery. 'White cord syndrome' is a characteristic imaging manifestation of spinal cord ischemia-reperfusion injury, referring to high intramedullary signal changes in the sagittal T2-weighted MRI scan with unexplained neurological deficits following surgical decompression. Th...
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
Abstract A major portion of individuals affected by traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) experience one or more types of chronic neuropathic pain (NP), which is often intractable to currently available treatments. The availability of reliable behavioral assays in pre-clinical models of SCI-induced NP is therefore critical to assess the efficacy of new potential therapies. Commonly used assays to evaluate NP-related behavior in rodents, such as Hargreaves thermal and von Frey mechanical testing, rely on the withdrawal response to an evoked stimulus. However, other assays that test spontaneous/non-evoked NP-related be...
Source: Experimental Neurology - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Exp Neurol Source Type: research
Conclusions: The discovery of the effect of SIRT1 on neuropathic pain in the VTA represents an important step forward in understanding the analgesic mechanisms of the VTA-NAc pathway. PMID: 32922581 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Pain Research and Management - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Pain Res Manag Source Type: research
In conclusion, HFSCS treatment attenuated SNI-induced neuropathic pain and partially restored the altered glutamate uptake after SNI. PMID: 32937185 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Brain Research Bulletin - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Brain Res Bull Source Type: research
AbstractMicroglia can modulate spinal nociceptive transmission. Yet, their role in spinal cord stimulation (SCS)-induced pain inhibition is unclear. Here, we examined how SCS affects microglial activation in the lumbar cord of rats with chronic constriction injury (CCI) of the sciatic nerve. Male rats received conventional SCS (50 Hz, 80% motor threshold, 180 min, 2 sessions/day) or sham stimulation on days 18 –20 post-CCI. SCS transiently attenuated the mechanical hypersensitivity in the ipsilateral hind paw and increased OX-42 immunoreactivity in the bilateral dorsal horns. SCS also upregulated the mRNAs of M1-like...
Source: Neuroscience Bulletin - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
This study investigates whether the administration of an oxindole, 5-fluoro-2-oxindole, could inhibit the nociceptive and emotional behaviors and increase the effectiveness of morphine via modulating the microglia and activating the nuclear factor erythroid-2 related factor 2 (Nrf2) signaling pathway and MOR expression. In C57BL/6 mice with neuropathic pain provoked by the total constriction of sciatic nerve we studied the effects of 10 mg/kg 5-fluoro-2-oxindole in: (i) the allodynia and hyperalgesia caused by the injury; (ii) the anxiety- and depressive-like behaviors; (iii) the local antinociceptive actions of ...
Source: Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology - Category: Cytology Authors: Tags: Cell Mol Neurobiol Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: Gut microbiota, a consortium of diverse microorganisms residing in the gastrointestinal tract, has emerged as a key player in neuroinflammatory responses, supporting the functional relevance of the "gut-brain axis." Chronic-constriction injury of the sciatic nerve (CCI) is a commonly used animal model of neuropathic pain with a major input from T cell-mediated immune responses. In this article, we sought to examine whether gut microbiota influences CCI neuropathic pain, and, if so, whether T-cell immune responses are implicated. METHODS: We used a mixture of wide-spectrum oral a...
Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Anesth Analg Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: OECs and OECs-CS transplantation can inhibit P2X7R overexpression mediated NPP, while OECs-CS transplantation has better therapeutic effect than OECs transplantation alone. Our results provide a novel method and theoretical basis for the treatment of NPP. PMID: 32888912 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Brain Research - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Brain Res Source Type: research
Fight Aging! publishes news and commentary relevant to the goal of ending all age-related disease, to be achieved by bringing the mechanisms of aging under the control of modern medicine. This weekly newsletter is sent to thousands of interested subscribers. To subscribe or unsubscribe from the newsletter, please visit: https://www.fightaging.org/newsletter/ Longevity Industry Consulting Services Reason, the founder of Fight Aging! and Repair Biotechnologies, offers strategic consulting services to investors, entrepreneurs, and others interested in the longevity industry and its complexities. To find out m...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
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