Molecular biomarkers to track clinical improvement following an integrative treatment model in autistic toddlers

CONCLUSION: Our findings show that changes in peripheral gene expression could be used in conjunction with clinical scales to monitor a rehabilitation intervention's effectiveness in toddlers affected by ASD. These results need to be validated in a larger cohort.PMID:33928890 | DOI:10.1017/neu.2021.12
Source: Acta Neuropsychiatrica - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Source Type: research

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Conclusions There appears to be uncertainty among various stakeholders of the benefits and possible negative effects of EPD use by individuals with ASD. Additionally, there is a dearth of research in this area, and the necessity for specific guidelines for recommending and monitoring EPD use is indicated. PMID: 32997580 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Tags: Lang Speech Hear Serv Sch Source Type: research
Abstract Speech-language pathologists (SLPs) and board-certified behavior analysts (BCBAs) work with clients with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). In general, these practitioners support a variety of skills during treatment, including language, social skills, daily living, and academics. Video modeling (VM) is an intervention that is often used to improve skills (e.g., independent living, social, behavioral, academic) for clients with disabilities. It is unknown how SLPs and BCBAs are specifically using VM to support clients, including those with ASD. The primary purpose of this study was to use an existing percept...
Source: Seminars in Speech and Language - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Tags: Semin Speech Lang Source Type: research
Semin Speech Lang DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1715595Speech-language pathologists (SLPs) and board-certified behavior analysts (BCBAs) work with clients with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). In general, these practitioners support a variety of skills during treatment, including language, social skills, daily living, and academics. Video modeling (VM) is an intervention that is often used to improve skills (e.g., independent living, social, behavioral, academic) for clients with disabilities. It is unknown how SLPs and BCBAs are specifically using VM to support clients, including those with ASD. The primary purpose of this study was...
Source: Seminars in Speech and Language - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Tags: Review Article Source Type: research
Conclusions These data provide a snapshot of the nature and quality of interactions between students with ASD and their interventionists. Findings suggest that delivery of instruction, including the language that interventionists use, may be an important area of focus when evaluating the effectiveness of reading-based practices across educational settings for learners with ASD, even within the confines of highly structured interventions. PMID: 32857639 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research
Conclusions Both joint attention and sensory regulation are important factors in the first and second years of life for impacting later preschool language and social-communication outcomes in this sample. These findings may have implications for future early childhood intervention research for children at a higher likelihood for autism spectrum disorder. PMID: 32810416 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Results are consistent with the three consensus criteria for CAS from the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association: Inappropriate prosody, disrupted coarticulatory transitions, and inconsistent errors on repeated tokens. High loading of the syllable segmentation sign on the inappropriate prosody factor also supports the use of a pause-related biomarker for CAS. PMID: 32877838 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Communication Disorders - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Tags: J Commun Disord Source Type: research
Discussion The results of this literature review suggest that interventions that directly target speech prosody using established evidence-based practices for ASD may be most effective for increasing typical prosodic patterns during speech for persons with ASD. Further research is needed to establish which interventions are most effective for each age range and context. Supplemental Material https://doi.org/10.23641/asha.12735926. PMID: 32757615 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research
By now, we all know the drill: Maintain physical distance. Wear a mask. Wash your hands. Avoid people who are sick and stay away from others if you are sick. While these measures may seem simple enough, they are not easy to keep up month after month. Yet they are likely to be with us for a while. But what about those who cannot comply? Certain conditions can make the standard measures to stay safe during the pandemic seem impossible. At the same time, some of those likely to have the most trouble following the guidelines — such as older people with dementia — are at higher risk for illness and death if they do ...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Alzheimer's Disease Anxiety and Depression Asthma Caregiving Coronavirus and COVID-19 Source Type: blogs
Conclusions Consideration of the neural differences in autistic children provides additional scientific support for current recommended language intervention practices. Recommendations consistent with these neurological findings include the use of short, simple utterances; repetition of syntactic structures using varied vocabulary; pause time; visual supports; and individualized sensory modifications. PMID: 32697616 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Tags: Am J Speech Lang Pathol Source Type: research
Conclusions: Findings add to the field of speech therapy by providing awareness of the challenges experienced by these mothers as well as those that are unique to the South African context. In addition, the current study provides insight into the experiences of mothers from different contexts and cultural backgrounds to those reported in previous literature.Folia Phoniatr Logop
Source: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research
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