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Plain packaging 'may help smokers to cut down'

Conclusion This small study showed that priming adult smokers with a picture of a branded cigarette packet causes more of them to seek cigarettes compared with unbranded cigarettes – around 10% more. But this study has problems, meaning we can't really rely on its findings. The biggest of these was fully acknowledged by the study authors themselves. Professor Marcus Munafò, a co-author of the study, explained: "The experimental procedure only modelled the ability of pack stimuli to promote a cigarette-seeking choice. In the natural environment, smoking may be governed by a whole range of factors, including tobacco withdrawal, the presence of other people smoking, time of day, and so on. It is not clear to what extent plain packaging will reduce smoking when these other factors are at play.” The biggest real-world experiment is already happening in Australia, where plain packaging was introduced by law in 2012. The wider evidence showing whether plain packaging reduces smoking-related death and disease in adults or children was not discussed in this study, so we cannot comment. Taken on its own, this specific study adds weak evidence to the debate. There may be stronger evidence elsewhere. On this point, the Addiction journal's editor-in-chief, Professor Robert West, said in the BBC article: "All the pieces are building the same picture, which is that it is going to have a reduction; none of the studies are pointing in the other direction....
Source: NHS News Feed - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Heart/lungs Cancer Medical practice Mental health Source Type: news

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Publication date: Available online 19 April 2018 Source:Cell Author(s): Elizabeth A. McMillan, Myung-Jeom Ryu, Caroline H. Diep, Saurabh Mendiratta, Jean R. Clemenceau, Rachel M. Vaden, Ju-Hwa Kim, Takashi Motoyaji, Kyle R. Covington, Michael Peyton, Kenneth Huffman, Xiaofeng Wu, Luc Girard, Yeojin Sung, Pei-Hsaun Chen, Prema L. Mallipeddi, Joo Young Lee, Jordan Hanson, Sukesh Voruganti, Yunku Yu, Sunho Park, Jessica Sudderth, Christopher DeSevo, Donna M. Muzny, HarshaVardhan Doddapaneni, Adi Gazdar, Richard A. Gibbs, Tae-Hyun Hwang, John V. Heymach, Ignacio Wistuba, Kevin R. Coombes, Noelle S. Williams, David A. Wheeler,...
Source: Cell - Category: Cytology Source Type: research
(TRENTON, N.J.) — New data show that the number of prescriptions for opioid painkillers filled in the U.S. fell dramatically last year. They showed their biggest drop in 25 years. The decline comes amid increasing legal restrictions and public awareness of the dangers of addiction. A health data firm released a report Thursday showing a 9 percent average drop nationwide in the number of prescriptions for opioids filled by retail and mail-order pharmacies. All 50 states and the District of Columbia had declines of more than 5 percent. The U.S. is estimated to consume roughly 30 percent of all opioids used worldwide. ...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized healthytime medicine onetime Source Type: news
Follow me on Twitter @mallikamarshall When I was about 10 years old, my mother had me take a puff on an unfiltered Camel cigarette in an effort to discourage me from smoking in the future. Well, needless to say, it worked. After coughing and sputtering for what seemed like hours, I have never touched another cigarette. While I am in no way suggesting that parents follow in my mother’s footsteps (in fact I would strongly discourage it), as a pediatrician and parent myself I want to ensure that children and teens never take that first puff. But in fact, the majority of smokers in the US begin smoking in their youth. Ac...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Health Heart Health Lung disease Prevention Smoking cessation Source Type: blogs
Source: Lung Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 1 March 2018 Source:EXPLORE Author(s): Heather Tick, Arya Nielsen, Kenneth R. Pelletier, Robert Bonakdar, Samantha Simmons, Ronald Glick, Emily Ratner, Russell L. Lemmon, Peter Wayne, Veronica Zador Medical pain management is in crisis: from the pervasiveness of pain to inadequate pain treatment, from the escalation of prescription opioids to an epidemic in addiction, diversion and overdose deaths. The rising costs of pain care and managing adverse effects of that care has prompted action from state and federal agencies including the DOD, VHA, NIH, FDA and CDC. There is pressure for pain...
Source: EXPLORE: The Journal of Science and Healing - Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research
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Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
We present coverage of advances in renal cell carcinoma and prostate cancer, as well as sessions on addiction relapse prevention and the role of integrative care. PMID: 29622945 [PubMed]
Source: P and T - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: P T Source Type: research
See something of interest? Please share our postings with colleagues in your institutions! Spotlight Last chance to register! NNLM is offering stipends of up to $500 to support public library staff’s travel and lodging for the Health Information for Public Librarians Symposium at the MLA Annual meeting in Atlanta, GA. First come, first serve! Learn more about eligibility and instructions on how to apply. NNLM MAR will also purchase roundtrip airfare for public library staff from our region (Delaware, New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania). Please Note: If your application is accepted, NNLM MAR staff will be in touch...
Source: NN/LM Middle Atlantic Region Blog - Category: Databases & Libraries Authors: Tags: Weekly Postings Source Type: news
Abstract Although aberrant Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (EGFR) signaling is widespread in cancer, EGFR inhibition is effective only in a subset of NSCLC (non-small cell lung cancer) with EGFR activating mutations. A majority of NSCLCs express EGFR wild type (EGFRwt) and do not respond to EGFR inhibition. Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) is a major mediator of inflammation-induced cancer. We find that a rapid increase in TNF level is a universal adaptive response to EGFR inhibition in NSCLC regardless of EGFR status. EGFR signaling actively suppresses TNF mRNA levels by inducing expression of miR-21 resulting in dec...
Source: Clinical Lung Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: J Clin Invest Source Type: research
After decades of running as my primary form of exercise, I decided to get into weight training last year. My main motivation was curiosity. I wanted to see if I could build my strength consistently if I made an effort to do so. I approached this as another deep dive exploration. It’s been nice to do a deep dive that doesn’t involve depriving myself of food or sleep, in contrast to last year’s 40-day water fasting experience. 🙂 Previous Strength Training Experience The last time I did a significant amount of strength training was around 2003 when I did some group training at a private gym for several mo...
Source: Steve Pavlina's Personal Development Blog - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Health Source Type: blogs
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