Effectiveness and Safety of Lipid-Lowering Drug Treatments in Japanese Patients with Familial Hypercholesterolemia: Familial Hypercholesterolemia Expert Forum (FAME) Study

CONCLUSION: The prevalence of CAD in Japanese patients with heterozygous FH is still very high. In most of the cases, the target level of serum LDL-C was not achieved for primary and secondary prevention of CAD, suggesting that a more aggressive LDL-C lowering and appropriate management of residual risks are necessary.PMID:33980760 | DOI:10.5551/jat.62764
Source: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: research

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This article pretends to simplify the steps that clinicians may follow to switch from any baseline regimen to the polypill with the use of several algorithms and tables showing the equivalent effective daily doses of different angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, angiotensin II receptor blockers and statins to facilitate switching, as well as the steps to be followed depending of the initial levels of BP and LDL-cholesterol values to achieve BP and lipid control with the association to the polypill of other BP-lowering or lipid-lowering drugs whenever needed.
Source: Journal of Hypertension - Category: Cardiology Tags: REVIEWS AND META-ANALYSES Source Type: research
This study assesses the current practices of physicians in Lebanon routinely involved in ischemic stroke (IS) management. We conducted a prospective observational study of patients hospitalized at 8 different Lebanese hospitals in the period August 1, 2015 to July 31, 2016, with a diagnosis of acute stroke. Baseline characteristics and data on diagnostic studies, as well as treatments received during hospitalization and at discharge, were collected and analyzed. Two hundred and three strokes/transient ischemic attacks (TIAs) were recorded but only 173 patients (85%) with ischemic events were included in the study. The pati...
Source: Functional Neurology - Category: Neurology Tags: Funct Neurol Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Since there was no statistical significance between the probucol and control groups despite a marked reduction of HDL-C, further studies on the clinical outcomes of probucol on top of conventional therapy may be necessary in the future (UMIN000003307). PMID: 32336695 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis - Category: Cardiology Tags: J Atheroscler Thromb Source Type: research
An 85-year-old man presented with left hemiparesis, too late for any intervention. Brain computed tomography (CT) revealed a right hemispheric infarct. He had a history of diabetes mellitus (on metformin, statin), hypertension (on losartan/lercanidipine), past smoking, COPD (on inhalers) and peripheral artery disease (on aspirin).
Source: The American Journal of Medicine - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Clinical Communication to the Editor Source Type: research
Conclusion: Our findings describe the most reported risk factors for preventability of oral anticoagulant-induced bleedings. These factors may be useful for targeting interventions to improve pharmacovigilance activities in our regional territory and to reduce the burden of medication errors and inappropriate prescription. Introduction Oral anticoagulant therapy is widely used for the prevention of stroke and systemic embolism in patients with atrial fibrillation, or for the prevention and treatment of deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism (Raj et al., 1994; Monaco et al., 2017). Oral anticoagulants can be di...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Embolism associated with asymptomatic carotid stenosis shows circadian variation with highest rates 4–6 h before midday. This corresponds with peak circadian incidence of stroke and other vascular complications. These and ASED Study results show that monitoring frequency, duration, and time of day are important in ES detection. Introduction Transcranial Doppler (TCD) detected microembolism in the ipsilateral middle cerebral artery (MCA) may help stratify the risk of stroke and other arterial disease complications in persons with advanced (≥60%) asymptomatic carotid stenosis. If so, this techniqu...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusions: In postmenopausal Taiwanese women, HT may be associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Although the women in our population receiving HT were near menopausal age, their risk of cardiovascular disease was still higher than in the non-HT group.
Source: Menopause - Category: OBGYN Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
This study investigated if statins would similarly reduce postoperative arrhythmias in patients undergoing THA. METHODS:: We queried a large Medicare and private-payer database from 2005 to 2012 and identified 12,075 patients who were on a statin prior to THA. We then age and sex matched 34,446 non-statin users who underwent THA. Baseline comorbidities and postoperative complications were obtained and assessed via standard descriptive statistics. RESULTS:: The statin users had more preoperative comorbidities including congestive heart failure, valvular heart disease, pulmonary and renal disease, diabetes, hyperte...
Source: Hip International - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tags: Hip Int Source Type: research
​BY MELINDA HUANG, DO; CATHERINE KELLY, DO; &STEVEN SATTLER, DOA 36-year-old man presented to the emergency department with chest pain that had begun 30 minutes earlier. The patient was a mechanic, and said he was working on his car when he developed sharp, constant, mid-sternal, 5/10 chest pain that radiated to his left arm. He had associated nausea and dyspnea. The patient denied fever, cough, recent travel, recent surgery, malignancy, blood clots, hormone use, calf pain, and calf swelling. He did not take any medication for the pain. He denied smoking cigarettes, and had no family history of cardiac disease.The pa...
Source: The Case Files - Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Blog Posts Source Type: research
IgE to the Mammalian Oligosaccharide Galactose-α-1,3-Galactose Is Associated With Increased Atheroma Volume and Plaques With Unstable Characteristics. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2018 Jun 14;: Authors: Wilson JM, Nguyen AT, Schuyler AJ, Commins SP, Taylor AM, Platts-Mills TAE, McNamara CA Abstract OBJECTIVE: Emerging evidence suggests a link between coronary artery disease and type 2 immunity. We sought to test the hypothesis that IgE sensitization to the mammalian oligosaccharide galactose-α-1,3-galactose (α-Gal)-the target allergen of delayed anaphylaxis to red meat-is associate...
Source: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol Source Type: research
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