Bullet retrieval from the cauda equina after penetrating spinal injury: A case report and review of the literature

CONCLUSION: We discuss the operative management and provide an intraoperative video showing the bullet extraction and dural closure.PMID:33948333 | PMC:PMC8088496 | DOI:10.25259/SNI_238_2021
Source: Surgical Neurology International - Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Source Type: research

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SC Abstract During surgical repair of aortic pathologies (e.g. dissection, aneurysms), cross-clamping of the aorta or overstenting of critical segmental arteries can lead to ischemia- and edema-related spinal cord damage with subsequent paraplegia. By regulating cerebrospinal fluid pressure, the spinal catheter is an effective method for prophylaxis and treatment of spinal cord ischemia. Due to the high complication rate of the spinal catheter a detailed risk-benefit assessment is obligatory: besides cerebrospinal fluid leakage, postpuncture headaches and local infections, feared complications, such as intra...
Source: Der Anaesthesist - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Anaesthesist Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe present findings suggest that in patients with spinal cord tethering, CSF GFAP and pNF-H levels might reflect ongoing scar formation and neuronal injury potentially responsible for progressive neurological deterioration.
Source: Acta Neurochirurgica - Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research
Shanshan Zhang1, Dongli Yuan2 and Ge Tan1* 1Department of Neurology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China 2The Institute of Medical Information, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China Primary systemic vasculitis can affect every structure in both the central and peripheral nervous system, causing varied neurological manifestations of neurological dysfunction. Early recognition of the underlying causes of the neurological symptoms can facilitate timely treatment and improve the prognosis. This review highlights the clinical manifestations of primary systemic vasc...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusions OCB are important biomarkers that can support MRI diagnostics and help to avoid false-positive MS diagnoses. Therefore, the revised McDonalds criteria have increased the importance of the OCB. New biomarkers such as AQP4 have now established themselves in clinical practice, and others such as Anti-MOG and NfL are about to enter clinical routine. An important focus in the search for new biomarkers is the monitoring of therapy efficacy and the prediction of severe side effects. Many other CSF molecules such as CHI3L1, IL-6, or CXCL13 show potential as markers for clinical practice, but further research is nee...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 14 March 2019Source: The Lancet NeurologyAuthor(s): Valery L Feigin, Emma Nichols, Tahiya Alam, Marlena S Bannick, Ettore Beghi, Natacha Blake, William J Culpepper, E Ray Dorsey, Alexis Elbaz, Richard G Ellenbogen, James L Fisher, Christina Fitzmaurice, Giorgia Giussani, Linda Glennie, Spencer L James, Catherine Owens Johnson, Nicholas J Kassebaum, Giancarlo Logroscino, Benoît Marin, W Cliff Mountjoy-VenningSummaryBackgroundNeurological disorders are increasingly recognised as major causes of death and disability worldwide. The aim of this analysis from the Global Burden of Diseases...
Source: The Lancet Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusions: By increasing blood flow to the spinal cord during/after T/TL-AAA/TEVAR surgery, CSFD reduces the incidence of permanent SCI from, up to 10-20% down to down to 2.3-10%. Nevertheless, major complications, including spinal/cranial subdural hematomas, still occur. PMID: 29541489 [PubMed]
Source: Surgical Neurology International - Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Tuberculosis of the central nervous system is an entity of high incidence in developing countries, and intradural extramedullary tuberculoma should be included in the differential diagnosis of expansive spinal cord injuries, especially if the patient is young and there is a history of pulmonary tuberculosis or tuberculous meningitis. It is also important to take it into account as part of a paradoxical reaction after the initiation of specific treatment. Although surgical resection improves compressive medullary symptoms, medical therapy remains the mainstay in the treatment of tuberculomas. PMID: 2925133...
Source: Revista de Neurologia - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Rev Neurol Source Type: research
All that the doctors who treated Cincinnati, Ohio resident Otto Warmbier knew is what they had seen or maybe read in the news. They knew he had just been released on June 13 from imprisonment in North Korea where he had been held by for more than 17 months. He had been sentenced in March 2016 to 15 years of hard labor for allegedly removing a propaganda poster from a wall at a Pyongyang hotel where he had been staying. The University of Virginia honors student had been visiting the authoritarian state during a five-day trip with a group called Young Pioneer Tours, which is a group out of China – an important note. Ot...
Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
CONCLUSIONS: Implanted devices used for pain management involve a significant risk of morbidity and mortality. Proper education of providers and patients is essential. Providers must acquire the technical skills required for the implantation and refilling of these devices and the clinical skills required for the identification and management of complications such as intrathecal granuloma. Proper patient selection and clear communication between the provider and the patient about these possible complications are of paramount importance. PMID: 28319551 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Anesth Analg Source Type: research
(University of Virginia Health System) A rare and powerful type of immune cell has been discovered in the meninges around the brain, suggesting the cells may play a critical but previously unappreciated role in battling Alzheimer's, multiple sclerosis, meningitis and other neurological diseases, in addition to supporting our healthy mental functioning. By harnessing the cells' power, doctors may be able to develop new treatments for neurological diseases, traumatic brain injury and spinal cord injuries - even migraines.
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news
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