Acute Traumatic Central Cord Syndrome: Etiology, Pathophysiology, Clinical Manifestation, and Treatment

Praxis (Bern 1994). 2021 Apr;110(6):324-335. doi: 10.1024/1661-8157/a003659.ABSTRACTAcute Traumatic Central Cord Syndrome: Etiology, Pathophysiology, Clinical Manifestation, and Treatment Abstract. The acute traumatic central cord syndrome (ATCCS) represents an injury to the spinal cord with disproportionately greater motor impairment of the upper than the lower extremities, with bladder dysfunction and with varying degrees of sensory loss below the level of the respective lesion. The mechanism of ATCCS is most commonly a traumatic hyperextension injury of the cervical spine at the base of an underlying spondylosis and spinal stenosis. The mean age is 53 years, and segments C4 to Th1 are most frequently affected. In addition to medical history and clinical examination, the definitive diagnosis is made by magnetic resonance imaging, where T2-hyperintense lesions are typically observed in the affected spinal cord segment. Surgical decompression (and fusion) of the respective segment is recommended to prevent repetitive trauma to the spinal cord and to stop progression of clinical symptoms. Patients with diagnosed ATCCS and who are treated adequately usually have a good prognosis.PMID:33906439 | DOI:10.1024/1661-8157/a003659
Source: Praxis - Category: General Medicine Authors: Source Type: research

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Source: Spine - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: DIAGNOSTICS Source Type: research
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Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Observational Study Source Type: research
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