Rwanda: Why You Must Test for Hepatitis

[New Times]It is more infectious than HIV. And like HIV, you can carry the Hepatitis virus for ages without knowing that you have it. But Hepatitis B and C are fatal and can lead to liver failure and death. If left untreated, Hepatitis can lead to cirrhosis, liver cancer, liver failure and death.
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - Category: African Health Source Type: news

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Hepatitis B virus (HBV), along with Hepatitis C virus chronic infection, represents a major risk factor for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) development. However, molecular mechanisms involved in the development...
Source: Infectious Agents and Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research Article Source Type: research
Basel, 2 June 2020 – Roche (SIX: RO, ROG; OTCQX: RHHBY) today announced that the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved Tecentriq® (atezolizumab) in combination with Avastin® (bevacizumab) for the treatment of people with unresectable or metastatic hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) who have not received p rior systemic therapy.“We’re excited that today’s approval of Tecentriq in combination with Avastin for unresectable or metastatic hepatocellular carcinoma brings a cancer immunotherapy option to people with this aggressive form of liver cancer,” said Levi Garraway, M.D., Ph....
Source: Roche Media News - Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news
co Giannini Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), the most frequent primary liver cancer, is the sixth most common cancer, the fourth leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide, and accounts globally for about 800,000 deaths/year. Early detection of HCC is of pivotal importance as it is associated with improved survival and the ability to apply curative treatments. Chronic liver diseases, and in particular cirrhosis, are the main risk factors for HCC, but the etiology of liver disease is rapidly changing due to improvements in the prevention and treatment of HBV (Hepatitis B virus) and HCV (Hepatitis C virus) infect...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
Authors: Schauer C, Mules T, Rijnsoever MV, Gane E Abstract BACKGROUND: Regular surveillance for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in patients with chronic hepatitis B viral (HBV) infection and hepatitis C (HCV) cirrhosis improves survival by earlier detection of the cancer at an earlier stage when curative intervention may still be possible. We compared patient characteristics, surveillance history and outcomes in patients presenting with advanced HCC secondary to HBV and HCV. METHOD: In this retrospective study, clinical databases and notes were reviewed in all cases of advanced HCC related to HBV or HCV referre...
Source: New Zealand Medical Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: N Z Med J Source Type: research
. Douglas Chronic hepatitis B (CHB) is one of the most widespread liver diseases in the world. It is currently incurable and can lead to liver cirrhosis and cancer. The considerable impacts on society caused by CHB through patient mortality, morbidity, and economic loss are well-recognised in the field. This is, however, a narrow view of the harms, given that people living with CHB can be asymptomatic for the majority of their life-long infection. Of less-appreciated importance are the psychosocial harms, which can continue throughout an affected person’s lifetime. Here we review the broad range of these impa...
Source: Viruses - Category: Virology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
ConclusionsElderliness, male sex, elevated ALT, AST, NLR, AFP, cirrhosis, HBeAg+, and no ‐antiviral treatment were independent risk factors for HBV‐HCC. AASLD standard of ALT cut‐off value may not be suitable for the Chinese population. Regular monitoring of HCC among HBeAg‐ patients with abnormal AFP may improve the management of HBV ‐HCC. The diagnostic performance of AFP combined with ALT, AST, and NLR for HBV‐HCC was superior to single biomarker or any other combinations among these patients, and its diagnostic equation can be used as useful tool for differentiation of HBV‐HCC from CHB.
Source: Cancer Medicine - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is the most common cause of liver disease in the United States, and is estimated to affect up to a quarter of adults in the world. It is defined by excess fat accumulating in the liver and usually occurs in people with obesity, high blood sugars (diabetes), abnormal cholesterol or triglyceride levels, or high blood pressure. These disorders often run together and as a group are called metabolic syndrome. The “non-alcoholic” part of “non-alcoholic fatty liver disease” is important to distinguish it from alcohol-related liver disease, which can also cause excess liver...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Diet and Weight Loss Digestive Disorders Source Type: blogs
ia Feng Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a common and fatal cancer. People with HCC report higher odds of comorbidity compared with people without HCC. To explore the association between HCC and medical comorbidity, we used routinely collected clinical data and applied a network perspective. In the network perspective, we used correlation analysis and community detection tests that described direct relationships among comorbidities. We collected 14,891 patients with HCC living in Jilin Province, China, between 2016 and 2018. Cirrhosis was the most common comorbidity of HCC. Hypertension and renal cysts were more commo...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Conclusion: The nucleos(t)ide analogs are all effective for HBeAg seroconversion, HBeAg loss, undetectable HBV DNA and most are effective for ALT normalization in adults with CHB. RCTs of multi-center, low risk of bias and long-term follow-up are still needed. PMID: 32329638 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Expert Review of Anti-Infective Therapy - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther Source Type: research
AbstractThe World Health Organisation, in its 2019 progress report on HIV, viral hepatitis and STDs indicates that 257 million people are afflicted with chronic HBV infections, of which, 1 million patients lose their lives every year due to HBV related chronic liver diseases including serious complications such as liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. The course of HBV infection and associated liver injury depend on several host factors, genetic variability of the virus, and the host viral interplay. The challenge of medical science is the early diagnosis/identification of the potential for development of fatal com...
Source: Gut Pathogens - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
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