Characterization of lung ultrasound imaging in preterm infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia
Clin Hemorheol Microcirc. 2021 Apr 28. doi: 10.3233/CH-211132. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND: Lung ultrasound (LUS) is a bedside technique that can be used on diagnosis and follow-up of neonatal respiratory diseases. However, there are rare reports on the ultrasound features of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) which is one of the most common chronic lung diseases in preterm infants.OBJECTIVE: To describe the ultrasound features of different BPD levels, and to investigate the value of ultrasound in evaluating moderate-to-severe BPD.METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, newborns of less than 37 weeks' gestational age in neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) were included. The LUS characteristics including pleural line, alveolar-interstitial syndrome (AIS), retrodiaphragmatic hyperechogenicity and diaphragmatic morphology were observed and recorded. The reliability of LUS in evaluating moderate and severe BPD were compared and calculated.RESULTS: A total of 108 infants were enrolled in our study: 39, 24, 29, 16 infants had non, mild, moderate and severe BPD. The median(IQR) pleura thickness in the moderate-to-severe BPD group was 1.7(1.6-1.85) mm, which was thicker than that in the none-to-mild BPD infants (P
ál K Abstract OBJECTIVE: To describe in a retrospective cohort study the short-term and long-term outcomes of all infants with early-onset fetal growth restriction (FGR) and umbilical artery absent (AEDF) or reverse (REDF) end-diastolic flow, delivered before 30 gestational weeks and actively managed at the level 3 perinatal unit in Lund, Sweden between 1998 and 2015. METHODS: Outcomes of 139 fetuses with birthweight (BW) small-for-gestational age and ARED flow (FGR group; 26% twins) were compared with those of all infants with BW appropriate-for-gestational age (AGA group; n=946; 28% twins). In the FG...
This study aimed to determine the accuracy of neonatal lung ultrasound (LUS) in predicting the need for surfactant therapy compared with chest X-ray (CXR) in preterm infants. Study Design A prospective double-blind study was conducted in infants with a gestational age
Conclusions: LU could be of value when managing COVID-19 neonates. We describe the findings of lung ultrasound monitoring during the first week following diagnosis in three neonates with SARS-CoV-2 infection.What is known:• Lung ultrasound (LU) is a useful tool in COVID-19 management in adults. To date, no report on LU and neonates with SARS-CoV-2 infection has been published.What is new:• This study adds evidence about LU findings in neonates with SARS-CoV-2 infection.
Condition: Broncho Pulmonary Dysplasia Intervention: Other: Pulmonary ultrasounds Sponsor: University Hospital, Limoges Not yet recruiting
Publication date: Available online 17 December 2019Source: Medicina Intensiva (English Edition)Author(s): A. Alonso-Ojembarrena