What Are Some Etiologies for Intellectual Disability?

Discussion “Intellectual disability (ID) is a neurodevelopmental disorder that is characterized by deficits in both intellectual functioning and adaptive function whose onset is in the development period.” Global developmental delay (GDD) is used to describe children from 0-5 years old with significant delays in 2 or more developmental areas. These delays may be transient but up to 2/3 of children with GDD will have ID. Overall 1-3% of the general population has ID which makes it very common. Most children with GDD/ID are identified because of delays in meeting milestones or general academic achievement. ID patients who have more severe problems are usually identified earlier. Each person with ID is individual and their strengths and weaknesses will be different. There are different ID severity levels which are grouped as: Mild 85% of ID population Associated IQ score: 55-70 Described as having: academic problems, communication/thinking more concrete, more immature socially, may live and work independently and provide own personal care but may also need intermittent support often with complex daily activities Projected academic achievement: up to 6th grade Moderate 10% of ID population Associated IQ score: 40-55 Described as having: academic problems, more problems with providing own personal care, can live and work in a supervised environment Projected academic achievement: up to 2nd grade Severe 3-4% of ID population Described as having: severe academic ...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

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