Psychosocial interventions for self-harm in adults

CONCLUSIONS: Overall, there were significant methodological limitations across the trials included in this review. Given the moderate or very low quality of the available evidence, there is only uncertain evidence regarding a number of psychosocial interventions for adults who engage in SH. Psychosocial therapy based on CBT approaches may result in fewer individuals repeating SH at longer follow-up time points, although no such effect was found at the post-intervention assessment and the quality of evidence, according to the GRADE criteria, was low. Given findings in single trials, or trials by the same author group, both MBT and group-based emotion regulation therapy should be further developed and evaluated in adults. DBT may also lead to a reduction in frequency of SH. Other interventions were mostly evaluated in single trials of moderate to very low quality such that the evidence relating to the use of these interventions is inconclusive at present.PMID:33884617 | DOI:10.1002/14651858.CD013668.pub2
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Category: General Medicine Authors: Source Type: research

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CONCLUSION: SB in Malakand Division is steadily increasing. The increase is more evident in vulnerable populations such as women and the younger population. 'Psychosocial stressors' and 'depression' were the main causes of suicidal behaviour. A broad-based, proactive, multi-sectorial approach is needed to prevent SB in the region.PMID:34515562 | DOI:10.1177/00207640211045414
Source: The International Journal of Social Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Source Type: research
Studies have been coming out focusing on the biological markers of suicide. Here, we present two cases with raised C-reactive protein who were admitted after attempts of suicide by overdose. There is a need to study the neuro-immuno-endocrinal changes in s...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Poisoning Source Type: news
AbstractAlthough child mortality is decreasing in Sweden, an increase in suicide rates has been previously observed among children and adolescents collectively. To increase knowledge about trends, demographics, and means in child suicides, data including all child (
Source: European Journal of Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research
Self-poisoning is a common method of suicide, for which various medications are used, including antidepressants. A non-systematic review of Russian-language and English-language publications, by keywords, in the databases: ELibrary.ru, PubMed, Cochrane Dat...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news
Carbon monoxide (CO) is the most common lethal poison in every community yet studied. Accidental or suicidal CO poisoning has been reported as the most frequent manner of death. In the case we report here, a man was found dead inside his house with a stron...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Poisoning Source Type: news
Undersea Hyperb Med. 2021 Third-Quarter;48(3):247-253.ABSTRACTDemyelination throughout the brain stem and spinal cord caused by acute carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning has not been previously reported. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has revealed that acute CO poisoning primarily affects the subcortical white matter of the bilateral cerebral hemispheres and basal ganglia. Here we report the case of a patient with delayed neuropsychological sequelae (DNS) due to acute CO poisoning. A 28-year-old man was admitted to our department following a suicide attempt by acute CO poisoning. After a six-month pseudo-recovery period, he w...
Source: Undersea and Hyperbaric Medicine - Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Given the moderate or very low quality of the available evidence, and the small number of trials identified, there is only uncertain evidence regarding a number of psychosocial interventions in children and adolescents who engage in SH. Further evaluation of DBT-A is warranted. Given the evidence for its benefit in adults who engage in SH, individual CBT-based psychotherapy should also be further developed and evaluated in children and adolescents.PMID:33677832 | DOI:10.1002/14651858.CD013667.pub2
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Category: General Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
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