Awareness of and Preferences for Preexposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) among MSM at High Risk of HIV Infection in Southern China: Findings from the T2T Study

This study is aimed at investigating the awareness of and preferences for oral and long-acting injectable HIV preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) and their associated factors among men who have sex with men (MSM) at high risk of HIV infection in southern China. A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 603 MSM who were recruited through a cohort study called the T2T Study at three sexual health clinics in Guangzhou, Shenzhen, and Wuxi, China, from 2017 to 2018. We collected information on HIV-negative participants' awareness of and willingness to use PrEP and its potential correlations. Univariate and multivariate logistic regressions were used for data analyses. A total of 550 HIV-negative MSM were enrolled in the study. Less than half of at-risk MSM (43.1%) had heard of PrEP before, and the rate of overall willingness to use PrEP was 65.8%, while MSM were more willing to use daily oral PrEP than long-acting injectable- (LAI-) PrEP (62.2% vs. 38.5%). MSM who had university degrees or above (aOR = 1.55, 95% CI: 1.01-2.37), used condoms during last anal sex (1.52, 1.01-2.29), and tested 3 times or more for HIV (2.45, 1.10-5.47) were more likely to be aware of PrEP. MSM who had use of gay dating apps (1.51, 1.02-2.23), ever participated in HIV- or sexually transmitted disease (STD-) related studies (1.91, 1.24-2.94), and had heard of PrEP (3.06, 2.06-4.54) were more willing to use any regimen of PrEP. MSM at high risk of HIV infection had low awareness of PrEP and moderate willin...
Source: Biomed Res - Category: Research Authors: Source Type: research

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Conclusions: The FRP by age group revealed the additional utility of the measure beyond the temporal and cross-sectional network connectivity measures. Other nonnetwork factors are still necessary to infer total epidemic potential for any specific pathogen.
Source: Epidemiology - Category: Epidemiology Tags: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is seeking comment on an information collection to assess programs geared to the prevention of HIV, other STDs, and pregnancy among middle and high school-aged adolescents. Comments are due by October 1, 2021.
Source: Federal Register updates via the Rural Assistance Center - Category: Rural Health Source Type: news
AbstractBackgroundHealthcare encounters for the diagnosis and treatment of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are common and represent an opportunity to discuss and initiate HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP). Little is known about how frequently PrEP is discussed and initiated in association with encounters for STIs.DesignRetrospective cohort and nested case-control study, matched by STI date, in national Veterans Health  Administration (VHA) facilities  from January 2013 to December 2018.ParticipantsVeterans with a first STI diagnosis (i.e., early syphilis, gonorrhea, or chlamydia) based on ICD codes, excl...
Source: Journal of General Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Source Type: research
Cervical cancer (CC) is the third leading cause of cancer among women worldwide, and also is the 16th cause of female cancer among Iranian people (Taebi et al., 2019). Approximately, 570,000 new cases and 310,000 deaths of CC have been estimated annually around the world (Wang et al., 2019). Viral infections, especially human papillomavirus infection (HPV) which is recognized as one of the most common sexually transmitted infections worldwide, are now one of the known risk factors for CC (Nishimura et al., 2021), i.e., CC is by far the most frequent HPV-related disease (Xing et al., 2021).
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Source Type: research
Human papilloma viruses (HPV) are small epitheliotropic DNA viruses, of which there are 200 genotypes, 40 of which are known to cause genital infections and are also oncogenic. HPV is the most common sexually transmitted infection. Clinical features vary from asymptomatic (identified at routine cervical cancer screening) to large lesions on the vulva, vagina, cervix and some extragenital sites. Its prevalence in pregnancy varies from 5.5%-65% depending on age, geography and gestational age (increasing with gestational age).
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: Full length article Source Type: research
[Thomson Reuters Foundation] Radio programmes made for and by young people are helping to address sensitive social issues like teen pregnancy, abuse and child marriage
Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news
Although rates of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) have declined globally over the past 10 years, United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS estimates 1.7 million new infections occurred in 2019, with cisgender women (cis women) and girls accounting for 48%. Acquired immune deficiency syndrome-related illnesses are the leading global cause of mortality in cis women aged 15 to 49, and in many sub-Saharan Africa countries, young women face substantially higher HIV risk than their male counterparts. Drivers of this increased risk include sexual and reproductive health characteristics unique to cis women. This review discusses the...
Source: Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Tags: Global Gynecology Source Type: research
This study aims to assess the knowledge and awareness of young doctors in a teaching institute in northeast India.METHODOLOGY: This study was carried out among 200 young doctors and included 100 interns and 100 postgraduate trainees (PGT) and senior resident doctors (SRD) from January 2020 to March 2020 to compare their knowledge and awareness about EC. A predesigned self-administered 22 items questionnaire was used to collect data.OBSERVATION: In our study, majority of the doctors in both groups were aware of levonorgestrel 1.5 mg tablet as EC (93% and 95%) and more interns than PG SRD were aware of its easy availability (86%, 35%, P value
Source: Primary Care - Category: Primary Care Authors: Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Identifying the etiology facilitates early treatment and hence reduces the infectivity and transmission of disease and also the disease complications like phimosis. In addition, multiple infectious etiologies should always be kept in mind while evaluating STDs.PMID:34322423 | PMC:PMC8284224 | DOI:10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_2467_20
Source: Primary Care - Category: Primary Care Authors: Source Type: research
This study aims to assess the knowledge and awareness of young doctors in a teaching institute in northeast India.METHODOLOGY: This study was carried out among 200 young doctors and included 100 interns and 100 postgraduate trainees (PGT) and senior resident doctors (SRD) from January 2020 to March 2020 to compare their knowledge and awareness about EC. A predesigned self-administered 22 items questionnaire was used to collect data.OBSERVATION: In our study, majority of the doctors in both groups were aware of levonorgestrel 1.5 mg tablet as EC (93% and 95%) and more interns than PG SRD were aware of its easy availability (86%, 35%, P value
Source: Primary Care - Category: Primary Care Authors: Source Type: research
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