Carotid Artery Atherosclerotic Profile as Risk Predictor for Restenosis After Coronary Stenting

Resumo Fundamento: A incid ência de reestenose da artéria coronária após o implante de um stent não farmacológico é mais baixa que na angioplastia com balão; no entanto, ainda apresenta altas taxas. Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi identificar novos indicadores de risco para reestenose de stent usando ultrassono grafia das carótidas que, em conjunto com indicadores já existentes, ajudariam na escolha do stent. Métodos: Realizamos um estudo prospectivo transversal incluindo 121 pacientes consecutivos com doença arterial coronariana que foram submetidos à intervenção coronária percutânea com angiogr afia nos 12 meses anteriores. Após os casos de reestenose de stent serem identificados, os pacientes foram submetidos à ultrassonografia de carótidas para avaliar a espessura da camada íntima média e placas ateroscleróticas. Os dados foram analisados por regressão múltipla de Cox. O nível d e significância foi p
Source: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

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Ecarin is a metalloproteinase found in snake venom (SVMP) with an important role in coagulation and control of hemostasis. It can specifically produce active-thrombin from prethrombin-2 and does not differentiate between normal and abnormal prothrombin. It is used in diagnostic tests and to evaluate the treatment process of many diseases. There are many drawbacks associated with separating these compounds from snake venom. Therefore, in this study, full-length recombinant Ecarin (r-Ecarin) was cloned, expressed, and purified in eukaryotic host cells. To determine the most effective form of the enzyme, r-Ecarin was compared...
Source: Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Neuroscience Nursing - Category: Neuroscience Tags: Editorial Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Institutional guidelines were changed to reflect zero-calibration of EVD without NVC removal in systems that are amendable to this procedure. Further study is needed to determine best practice.
Source: Journal of Neuroscience Nursing - Category: Neuroscience Tags: Articles Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: In our sample, percentages of variation in PLR and PD were found to be directly representative of TBI patients’ fentanyl blood concentration. Considering information about blood drug concentration is generally not available at bedside, PLR could be used as a proxy to assess analgesia requirements before a nociceptive procedure in critically ill sedated TBI patients who are vulnerable to stress.
Source: Journal of Neuroscience Nursing - Category: Neuroscience Tags: Articles Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: This review demonstrates a continued need for understanding nursing perceptions and role in teamwork to mobilize ventilated neurosurgery patients. Future research should focus on testing nurse-led mobility interventions so higher rates of mobilization and provision of holistic patient care can be achieved.
Source: Journal of Neuroscience Nursing - Category: Neuroscience Tags: Literature Review Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: This review article addresses factors to consider for dosing and administration, pharmacokinetic and pharmacogenetic impact on nimodipine, and, finally, drug interaction considerations to assess as patients are initiated on enteral nimodipine for aSAH.
Source: Journal of Neuroscience Nursing - Category: Neuroscience Tags: Articles Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Unmet needs identified by SSs and CGs were used to extend NTCM specific to the stroke population and to develop the Recommendations and Exemplars for Stroke Specific Comprehensive Transitional Care Delivery (see Supplementary Digital Content, available at http://links.lww.com/JNN/A385). Researchers and practitioners can use the findings to develop and deliver more comprehensive TC to SSs and CGs.
Source: Journal of Neuroscience Nursing - Category: Neuroscience Tags: Articles Source Type: research
BACKGROUND: The Bispectral (BIS) monitor is a validated, noninvasive monitor placed over the forehead to titrate sedation in patients under general anesthesia in the operating room. In the neurocritical care unit, there is limited room on the forehead because of incisions, injuries, and other monitoring devices. This is a pilot study to determine whether a BIS nasal montage correlates to the standard frontal-temporal data in this patient population. METHODS: This prospective nonandomized pilot study enrolled 10 critically ill, intubated, and sedated adult patients admitted to the neurocritical care unit. Each patient had a...
Source: Journal of Neuroscience Nursing - Category: Neuroscience Tags: Articles Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: According to the results, the proportion of patients with high medication adherence was low. Patients' concerns about the possible side effects of their prescribed medications and beliefs about the overuse of medications negatively affected their medication adherence. It is recommended that nurses evaluate patients' medication adherence and beliefs about medications during hospitalization, discharge, or home visits. Structured nurse-led intervention programs are needed to enhance patients' medication adherence and beliefs about their medications.
Source: Journal of Neuroscience Nursing - Category: Neuroscience Tags: Articles Source Type: research
This study used data from 2 cross-sectional studies conducted in the neurology departments of 3 hospitals in Guangzhou, China. In total, 110 hypertensive stroke patients were recruited in stage I (2008-2009), and 119 hypertensive stroke patients were recruited in stage II (2018-2019). Patients' stroke knowledge was measured by the Stroke Knowledge Questionnaire. Patients' prestroke health behavior was measured by the Health Behavior Scale for Stroke Patients. RESULTS: The total score of prestroke health behaviors significantly increased over the decade (P
Source: Journal of Neuroscience Nursing - Category: Neuroscience Tags: Articles Source Type: research
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