Impact of Baseline Corticosteroids on Immunotherapy Efficacy in Patients With Advanced Melanoma

This is a 2-center, retrospective study which aimed to evaluate the effect of baseline corticosteroid use on immunotherapy efficacy in patients with advanced melanoma. We included all patients with advanced unresectable and metastatic melanoma on single-agent programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) inhibitors at the Cancer Centre of Southeastern Ontario and London Regional Cancer Program. We defined baseline corticosteroid use as prednisone-equivalent of ≥10 mg within 30 days of immunotherapy initiation. Our study had 166 patients in total, and 25 were taking corticosteroids at the initiation of the PD-1 inhibitor. Baseline prednisone-equivalent ≥10 mg did not have effect on median overall survival (hazard ratio=1.590, 95% confidence interval: 0.773–3.270, P=0.208). However, a higher dose of baseline prednisone-equivalent ≥50 mg was independently associated with poor median overall survival (hazard ratio=2.313, 95% confidence interval: 1.103–4.830, P=0.026) when compared with baseline prednisone-equivalent 0–49 mg, even when controlled for confounders including baseline Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group ≥2 and baseline brain metastasis. Consideration should be made to decrease the use of unnecessary steroids as much as possible before initiation of PD-1 inhibitor treatment.
Source: Journal of Immunotherapy - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Clinical Studies Source Type: research

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Radiotherapy is a mainstay of efficient treatment of brain metastases from solid tumors. Immunotherapy has improved the survival of metastatic cancer patients across many tumor types. However, targeted therapy is a feasible alternative for patients unable to continue immunotherapy or with poor outcomes of immunotherapy. The combination of radiotherapy and targeted therapy for the treatment of brain metastases has a strong theoretical underpinning, but data on the efficacy and safety of this combination is still limited. A systematic search of PubMed, Embase, Web of Science and the Cochrane library database was conducted. E...
Source: Melanoma Research - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Review Articles Source Type: research
rzeff Nicolas Meyer Anouchka Modesto Metastatic melanoma patients are at high risk of brain metastases (BM). Although intracranial control is a prognostic factor for survival, impact of local (intracranial) treatment (LT), surgery and/or radiotherapy (stereotactic or whole brain) in the era of novel therapies remains unknown. We evaluated BM incidence in melanoma patients receiving immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICI) or anti-BRAF therapy and identified prognostic factors for overall survival (OS). Clinical data and treatment patterns were retrospectively collected from all patients treated for newly diagnosed locall...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
ConclusionsOverall, BM indicates poor patient outcome. Treatment with ICIs improves survival of patients with NSCLC, TNBC, and melanoma and BM; however, no significant improvement was observed in RCC. Investigations to identify prognostic features, oncogenomic profiles, and predictive biomarkers are warranted.
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
We present the first report of a familial BAP1 inactivating mutation identified after multiple generations of a family presented with meningiomas with rhabdoid features instead of with previously described BAP1 loss-associated malignancies. A 24-year-old female presented with a Grade II meningioma with rhabdoid and papillary features treated with subtotal resection, adjuvant external beam radiation therapy, and salvage gamma knife radiosurgery six years later. Around that time, her mother presented with a meningioma with rhabdoid and papillary features managed with resection and adjuvant radiation therapy. Germline testing...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
In this study, we used the UK Biobank (n = 440,185) to resolve previous ambiguities in the relationship between serum IGF-1 levels and clinical disease. We examined prospective associations of serum IGF-1 with mortality, dementia, vascular disease, diabetes, osteoporosis, and cancer, finding two generalized patterns. First, IGF-1 interacts with age to modify risk in a manner consistent with antagonistic pleiotropy; younger individuals with high IGF-1 are protected from disease, while older individuals with high IGF-1 are at increased risk for incident disease or death. Second, the association between IGF-1 and risk ...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
In this study, we demonstrated the bioefficacy of a phyto-glyceroglycolipid, 1,2-di-O-α-linolenoyl-3-O-β-galactopyranosyl-sn-glycerol (dLGG) alone, or in combination with liposomal doxorubicin (Lip-DOX) or Avastin against MBM in a syngeneic B16BM4COX−2/Luc brain-seeking melanoma mouse model. Treatment with dLGG–10, dLGG–25, dLGG–10 + Avastin–5, Lipo-DOX–2, dLGG–10 + Lipo-DOX–2 or Lipo-DOX–2 + Avastin–5 suppressed, respectively, 17.9%, 59.1%, 55.7%, 16.2%, 44.5% and 72.4% of MBM in mice relative to the untreated tumor control. Metastatic PD-L1+ melanoma ...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Patients receiving SRS versus whole brain RT and systemic therapy reported better posttreatment hrQoL. In addition, melanoma metastases, nonmarried, male, and older patients with reported better hrQoL in various as well as domains after intracranial RT.PMID:34392256 | DOI:10.1097/COC.0000000000000848
Source: Clinical Lung Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: research
Clin Exp Metastasis. 2021 Aug 13. doi: 10.1007/s10585-021-10114-x. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTRadiation therapy has long been known to be a very effective form of therapy in relieving symptoms and prolonging the life of patients with brain metastases. Novel developments in this field have allowed oncologists to improve on older forms of radiation therapy; these recent advances in radiotherapeutic techniques (stereotactic radiosurgery and hippocampal-avoidant whole brain radiation therapy) allow sparing of the healthy brain from receiving unnecessary radiation while delivering effective treatment to the metastases, thus ...
Source: Clinical Breast Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Early diagnosis and therapy, and prevention of tumor progression and metastases of primary melanoma patients are important measures to improve its prognosis and survival.PMID:34340842 | DOI:10.1016/j.bulcan.2021.04.020
Source: Bulletin du Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: research
June 1, 2021 (RARITAN, N.J.) – The Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson &Johnson announced today that more than 30 company-sponsored studies, including six oral presentations, will be featured during the 2021 American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) Annual Meeting, June 4-8. Janssen presentations will include new data and updates for both approved and investigational therapeutics that are being studied for the treatment of various solid tumors and blood cancers. Immediately following ASCO, additional data will be featured during the European Hematology Association (EHA) Virtual Congress, June 9-17. A c...
Source: Johnson and Johnson - Category: Pharmaceuticals Tags: Innovation Source Type: news
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