Chlorhexidine bathing to prevent healthcare-associated vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus infections: A cluster quasi-experimental controlled study at intensive care units, Journal of the Formosan Medical Association
Conclusion: CHG bathing is a highly effective approach to prevent VRE-HAIs at ICUs, in the context of active VRE surveillance with contact isolation.
Condition: Endodontically Treated Teeth Interventions: Other: root canal medicament-calcium hydroxide; Other: root canal medicament-chlorhexidine gel; Other: root canal medicament-calcuim hyroxide&chlorhexidine ge Sponsor: Aydin Adnan Menderes University Completed
Condition: Dental Caries Interventions: Other: Chlorhexidine Mouthwash; Other: Morus Alba 20%; Other: Morus Alba 30% Sponsor: Ziauddin University Completed
Trends Parasitol. 2021 Sep 18:S1471-4922(21)00207-5. doi: 10.1016/j.pt.2021.08.009. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTInteractions between the Anopheles mosquito vector and Plasmodium parasites shape how malaria is transmitted in endemic regions. The long association of these two organisms has led to evolutionary processes that minimize fitness costs of infection and benefit both players through shared nutrient resources, parasite immune suppression, and mosquito tolerance to infection. In this review we explore recent data describing how Plasmodium falciparum, the deadliest malaria parasite, associates with one of its most im...
This study presents the decolonization effects of a comprehensive, multisystem, mechanical decolonization protocol for VRE and CRE. Most importantly, our decolonization protocol does not use antibiotics and is thus not harmful. These results suggest an active decolonization trial to be performed as early as possible in patients with VRE or CRE colonization. This simple, easy-to-apply protocol can be used as 1 of the basic treatment options for MDROs infection or colonization, regardless of whether it requires antibiotic treatment.
CONCLUSION: CHG bathing is a highly effective approach to prevent VRE-HAIs at ICUs, in the context of active VRE surveillance with contact isolation. PMID: 32921535 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Abstract Industrial farms are unique, human-created ecosystems that provide the perfect setting for development and dissemination of antibiotic resistance. Agricultural antibiotic use amplifies naturally-occurring resistance mechanisms from soil ecologies, promoting their spread and sharing with other bacteria, including those poised to become endemic within hospital environments. To better understand the role of enterococci in the movement of antibiotic resistance from farm to table to clinic, we characterized over 300 isolates of Enterococcus cultured from raw chicken meat purchased at United States supermarkets...
Conclusion This study revealed that Enterococcus species with biofilm potentials and extracellular virulence properties extensively occur in retail RTE shrimps. A significant number of isolated strains are resistant to antibiotics and harbor resistant and virulent genes, denoting a significant route of resistance and virulence dissemination to bacteria in humans. There is an inadequate understanding of the intricacies of antibiotic-resistant enterococci of food origin that belong to enterococci aside from E. faecium and E. faecalis. Findings from this study reveal detailed antibiotic resistance of E. durans, E. casselifla...
Background: Contact precautions (CP) are widely recommended to prevent multidrug-resistant organism (MDRO) transmission avoiding colonization and infection. However, conflicting data exist regarding their effectiveness. Recent studies suggest that for endemic methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and vancomycin resistant Enterococcus (VRE), standard measures and decolonization for MRSA could be effective.
Conclusions These results indicate that the surveillance program implemented was effective in preventing the spread of multidrug-resistant organisms in the hospital.