Gardner-associated fibroma of the neck: role of a multidisciplinary evaluation for familial adenomatous polyposis diagnosis

Tumori. 2021 Apr 13:3008916211009316. doi: 10.1177/03008916211009316. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTINTRODUCTION: Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) is a hereditary autosomal dominant disorder characterized by the development of multiple adenomas in the colon and rectum with a lifetime risk of 80%-100% to develop colorectal cancer if undetected or untreated. Gardner-associated fibroma (GAF) is a rare, benign soft tissue lesion with uncertain pathogenesis. GAF is generally associated with FAP in its clinical variant, called Gardner syndrome (GS).CASE DESCRIPTION: A 16-year-old boy with no comorbidities and no significant medical history was referred to the Unit of Hereditary Digestive Tract Tumours, Department of Surgery, Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Nazionale dei Tumori, Milan, Italy, for genetic counselling after surgical removal of a right anterior cervical paramedian fibroma. The histopathology on the specimen led to the diagnosis of GAF. He had no family history for colorectal cancer or gastrointestinal polyposis and denied any gastrointestinal symptoms. Physical examination showed a small frontal osteoma and colonoscopy showed the presence of multiple small sessile polyps (>100 polyps, diameter
Source: Tumori - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: research

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